Identifying crucial gaps in our knowledge of the life-history of avian influenza viruses - An Australian perspective

Klaassen, Marcel, Hoye, Bethany J. and Roshier, David A. 2011, Identifying crucial gaps in our knowledge of the life-history of avian influenza viruses - An Australian perspective, Emu, vol. 111, no. 2, pp. 103-112.

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Title Identifying crucial gaps in our knowledge of the life-history of avian influenza viruses - An Australian perspective
Author(s) Klaassen, MarcelORCID iD for Klaassen, Marcel
Hoye, Bethany J.ORCID iD for Hoye, Bethany J.
Roshier, David A.
Journal name Emu
Volume number 111
Issue number 2
Start page 103
End page 112
Total pages 10
Publisher CSIRO Publishing
Place of publication Collingwood, Vic.
Publication date 2011
ISSN 0158-4197
Keyword(s) avifauna
behavioral response
detection method
disease transmission
evolutionary biology
host-pathogen interaction
individual variation
life history
parasite prevalence
resident population
wild population
host species
wild birds
Summary We review our current knowledge of the epidemiology and ecology of avian influenza viruses (AIVs) in Australia in relation to the ecology of their hosts. Understanding the transmission and maintenance of low-pathogenic avian influenza (LPAI) viruses deserves scientific scrutiny because some of these may evolve to a high-pathogenic AIV (HPAI) phenotype. That the HPAI H5N1 has not been detected in Australia is thought to be a result of the low level of migratory connectivity between Asia and Australia. Some AIV strains are endemic to Australia, with Australian birds acting as a reservoir for these viruses. However, given the phylogenetic relationships between Australian and Eurasian strains, both avian migrants and resident birds within the continent must play a role in the ecology and epidemiology of AIVs in Australia. The extent to which individual variation in susceptibility to infection, previous infections, and behavioural changes in response to infection determine AIV epidemiology is little understood. Prevalence of AIVs among Australian avifauna is apparently low but, given their specific ecology and Australian conditions, prevalence may be higher in little-researched species and under specific environmental conditions.
Language eng
Field of Research 060809 Vertebrate Biology
Socio Economic Objective 960499 Control of Pests, Diseases and Exotic Species not elsewhere classified
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2011, CSIRO Publishing
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