Gaming maching addiction : the role of avoidance, accessibility and social support

Thomas, Anna C., Allen, Felicity L., Phillips, James and Karantzas, Gery 2011, Gaming maching addiction : the role of avoidance, accessibility and social support, Psychology of addictive behaviors, vol. 25, no. 4, pp. 738-744, doi: 10.1037/a0024865.

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Title Gaming maching addiction : the role of avoidance, accessibility and social support
Author(s) Thomas, Anna C.
Allen, Felicity L.
Phillips, James
Karantzas, GeryORCID iD for Karantzas, Gery
Journal name Psychology of addictive behaviors
Volume number 25
Issue number 4
Start page 738
End page 744
Total pages 7
Publisher American Psychological Association
Place of publication Washington, D.C.
Publication date 2011-12
ISSN 0893-164X
Keyword(s) addiction
electronic gaming
gaming machines
Summary Commonality in etiology and clinical expression plus high comorbidity between pathological gambling and substance use disorders suggest common underlying motives. It is important to understand common motivators and differentiating factors. An overarching framework of addiction was used to examine predictors of problem gambling in current electronic gaming machine (EGM) gamblers. Path analysis was used to examine the relationships between antecedent factors (stressors, coping habits, social support), gambling motivations (avoidance, accessibility, social) and gambling behavior. Three hundred and forty seven (229 females: M = 29.20 years, SD = 14.93; 118 males: M = 29.64 years, SD = 12.49) people participated. Consistent with stress, coping and addiction theory, situational life stressors and general avoidance coping were positively related to avoidance-motivated gambling. In turn, avoidance-motivated gambling was positively related to EGM gambling frequency and problems. Consistent with exposure theory, life stressors were positively related to accessibility-motivated gambling, and accessibility-motivated gambling was positively related to EGM gambling frequency and gambling problems. These findings are consistent with other addiction research and suggest avoidance-motivated gambling is part of a more generalized pattern of avoidance coping with relative accessibility to EGM gambling explaining its choice as a method of avoidance. Findings also showed social support acted as a direct protective factor in relation to gambling frequency and problems and indirectly via avoidance and accessibility gambling motivations. Finally, life stressors were positively related to socially motivated gambling but this motivation was not related to either social support or gambling behavior suggesting it has little direct influence on gambling problems.
Language eng
DOI 10.1037/a0024865
Field of Research 170106 Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology
Socio Economic Objective 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2011, American Psychological Association.
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