Forgiveness, empathy and gender - a Malaysian perspective

Mellor, David, Fung, Sheryn Wei Ting and Binti Mamat Muchammad, Norul Hidayah 2012, Forgiveness, empathy and gender - a Malaysian perspective, Sex roles, vol. 67, no. 1-2, pp. 98-107, doi: 10.1007/s11199-012-0144-4.

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Title Forgiveness, empathy and gender - a Malaysian perspective
Author(s) Mellor, DavidORCID iD for Mellor, David
Fung, Sheryn Wei Ting
Binti Mamat Muchammad, Norul Hidayah
Journal name Sex roles
Volume number 67
Issue number 1-2
Start page 98
End page 107
Total pages 10
Publisher Springer New York
Place of publication Piscataway, N. J.
Publication date 2012-01
ISSN 0360-0025
Keyword(s) empathy
Summary Recent theorising has suggested that in non-Western collectivist contexts, the need for social harmony may play a greater role than empathy in motivating forgiveness, and that women may be more impacted than men by this cultural value. In this study, a sample of 233 Malaysian undergraduate students, 100 males and 133 females, recruited from four English-mediated universities completed the Interpersonal Reactivity Index (IRI) and the Transgression-Related Interpersonal Motivations Inventory-12 (TRIM-12) to assess dimensions of empathy and forgiveness. Women exhibited greater empathic concern than men, but not greater perspective-taking. Men were less forgiving in terms of revenge-seeking behaviour, but men and women did not differ in avoidance of transgressors. The relationships between empathic concern and both facets of forgiveness were similar for men and women, as was the relationship between empathic concern and avoidance. However, the relationship between perspective-taking and avoidance was stronger among men than women. We found little support for the prediction that in this collectivist cultural context, perspective-taking would play a greater role than empathic concern in forgiveness. Further research is recommended to explore empathy and forgiveness in non-Western populations, with a need to take into account cultural factors.
Language eng
DOI 10.1007/s11199-012-0144-4
Field of Research 170105 Gender Psychology
Socio Economic Objective 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2012, Springer Science+Business Media, LLC
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School of Psychology
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