The post-fracture care gap among Canadian First Nations peoples : a retrospective cohort study

Leslie, W. D., Brennan, S. L., Prior, H. J., Lix, L. M., Metge, C. and Elias, B. 2012, The post-fracture care gap among Canadian First Nations peoples : a retrospective cohort study, Osteoporosis international, vol. 23, no. 3, pp. 929-936, doi: 10.1007/s00198-011-1880-y.

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Title The post-fracture care gap among Canadian First Nations peoples : a retrospective cohort study
Author(s) Leslie, W. D.
Brennan, S. L.ORCID iD for Brennan, S. L.
Prior, H. J.
Lix, L. M.
Metge, C.
Elias, B.
Journal name Osteoporosis international
Volume number 23
Issue number 3
Start page 929
End page 936
Total pages 8
Publisher Springer UK
Place of publication Surrey, England
Publication date 2012-03
ISSN 0937-941X
Keyword(s) care gap
Summary Summary Despite targeted attempts to reduce post-fracture care gaps, we hypothesized that a larger care gap would be experienced by First Nations compared to non-First Nations people. First Nations peoples were eight times less likely to receive post-fracture care compared to non-First Nations peoples, representing a clinically significant ethnic difference in post-fracture care.

Introduction First Nations peoples are the largest group of aboriginal (indigenous or native) peoples in Canada. Canadian First Nations peoples have a greater risk of fracture compared to non-First Nations peoples. We hypothesized that ethnicity might be associated with a larger gap in post-fracture care.

Methods Non-traumatic major osteoporotic fractures for First Nations and non-First Nations peoples aged ≥50 years were identified from a population-based data repository for Manitoba, Canada between April 1996 and March 2002. Logistic regression analysis was used to examine the probability of receiving a BMD test, a diagnosis of osteoporosis, or beginning an osteoporosis-related drug in the 6 months post-fracture.

Results A total of 11,234 major osteoporotic fractures were identified; 502 occurred in First Nations peoples. After adjustment for confounding covariates, First Nations peoples were less likely to receive a BMD test [odds ratio (OR) 0.1, 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.0–0.5], osteoporosis-related drug treatment (OR, 0.5; 95% CI, 0.3–0.7), or a diagnosis of osteoporosis (OR, 0.5; 95% CI, 0.3–0.7) following a fracture compared to non-First Nations peoples. Females were more likely to have a BMD test (OR, 5.0; 95% CI, 2.6–9.3), to be diagnosed with osteoporosis (OR, 1.7; 95% CI, 1.5–2.0), and to begin drug treatment (OR, 4.1; 95% CI, 2.7–6.4) compared to males.

Conclusions An ethnicity difference in post-fracture care was observed. Further work is needed to elucidate underlying mechanisms for this difference and to determine whether failure to initiate treatment originates with the medical practitioner, the patient, or a combination of both. It is imperative that all residents of Manitoba receive efficacious and equal care post-fracture, regardless of ethnicity.
Language eng
DOI 10.1007/s00198-011-1880-y
Field of Research 119999 Medical and Health Sciences not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 970111 Expanding Knowledge in the Medical and Health Sciences
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2011, International Osteoporosis Foundation and National Osteoporosis Foundation
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