The acute effects of caffeine in a sugar-sweetened beverage on energy consumption

Oliver, Penny, Riddell, Lynn J., Lim, Karen and Keast, Russell S. J. 2013, The acute effects of caffeine in a sugar-sweetened beverage on energy consumption, Journal of caffeine research, vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 133-139, doi: 10.1089/jcr.2012.0023.

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Title The acute effects of caffeine in a sugar-sweetened beverage on energy consumption
Author(s) Oliver, Penny
Riddell, Lynn J.ORCID iD for Riddell, Lynn J.
Lim, Karen
Keast, Russell S. J.ORCID iD for Keast, Russell S. J.
Journal name Journal of caffeine research
Volume number 2
Issue number 3
Start page 133
End page 139
Total pages 7
Publisher Mary Ann Liebert Publishers
Place of publication New Rochelle, N. Y.
Publication date 2013-09
ISSN 2156-5783
Keyword(s) Sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB)
caffeine consumption
poor dietary intake
caffeine concentration
Summary Background: It has been suggested that those who are habitually high caffeine consumers ingest greater quantities of snack foods both in and outside the laboratory. Sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) are a major contributor to caffeine consumption and evidence links SSB consumption with poor dietary intake.

Objective: To determine whether varying the concentration of caffeine in SSBs influences snack food consumption and energy intake.

Methods: Caffeine taste thresholds were assessed using the International Standards Organization method for assessing taste sensitivity. In a crossover study design, participants (n=23, 26±5 years old, 58% female) were provided with a standardized meal on 4 days and simultaneously consumed SSBs with varied levels of caffeine (0, 0.67, 1.16, and 1.65 mM). The intake of food and beverage was recorded following each meal session.

Results: A one way between groups analysis of variance revealed no significant main effect of caffeine concentration on consumption of SSBs [F (3, 92)=0.154, p=0.927] or food [F (3, 92)=0.305, p=0.822]. Pearson correlation analysis identified no significant correlations between the amount of food and SSB consumed (R=−0.031–0.415, p=0.062–0.893), or the amount of food and SSB consumed with body mass index and waist circumference (R=0.000 to −0.380, p=0.073–0.999). An individual's oral sensitivity to caffeine was not associated with SSB consumption (R=0.045 to −0.309, p=0.152–0.839) or the consumption of food (R=−0.052 to −0.327, p=0.128–0.812).

Conclusions: The concentration of caffeine in SSBs did not influence the amount of food or SSB consumed.
Language eng
DOI 10.1089/jcr.2012.0023
Field of Research 111199 Nutrition and Dietetics not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 920411 Nutrition
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
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