Food fortification : the evidence, ethics and politics of adding nutrients to food

Lawrence, Mark 2013, Food fortification : the evidence, ethics and politics of adding nutrients to food, Oxford University Press, Oxford, England, doi: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199691975.001.0001.

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Title Food fortification : the evidence, ethics and politics of adding nutrients to food
Author(s) Lawrence, MarkORCID iD for Lawrence, Mark
Publication date 2013
Total pages 257
Publisher Oxford University Press
Place of Publication Oxford, England
Keyword(s) food fortification
public health
Summary This research book presents a critical analysis of mandatory food fortification as a technology for protecting and promoting public health. Increasing numbers of foods fortified with novel amounts and combinations of nutrients are being introduced into the food supplies of countries around the world to raise populations’ nutrient intakes. Three topical food fortification case studies representing the different public health rationales for adding nutrients to food were assessed for their public health benefits, risks and ethical considerations: Universal salt iodisation (USI) to help prevent iodine deficiency disorders; mandatory flour fortification with folic acid (MFFFA) to help prevent neural tube defects; and mandatory milk fortification with vitamin D (MMFVD) to help prevent vitamin D deficiency. These assessments found that whereas USI performs strongly as a public health intervention, MFFFA and MMFVD are associated with more risks and less ethical justification than an alternative policy option. Food fortification can be a blunt policy response to complex policy problems. The findings highlight that the primary predictor of a mandatory food fortification policy’s benefits, risks and ethics is its ability to address the underlying cause of the policy problem. The analysis of the policy-making processes for each case study found that certain powerful actors use their influence to determine what counts as evidence in policy processes to privilege food fortification activities over alternative policy options. Policy-making frequently was notable for the low prominence it afforded ethical considerations and its lack of public engagement. Priority activities to help strengthen policy processes and outcomes are suggested.
ISBN 9780199691975
Language eng
DOI 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199691975.001.0001
Field of Research 111199 Nutrition and Dietetics not elsewhere classified
111799 Public Health and Health Services not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 920411 Nutrition
HERDC Research category A1.1 Books - authored - research
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Population Health
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