Lifestyle management of unipolar depression

Berk, M., Sarris, J., Coulson, C. E. and Jacka, F. N. 2013, Lifestyle management of unipolar depression, Acta psychiatrica scandinavica, vol. 127, no. Supplement s443, Special issue : Individualized management of unipolar depression, pp. 38-54, doi: 10.1111/acps.12124.

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Title Lifestyle management of unipolar depression
Author(s) Berk, M.ORCID iD for Berk, M.
Sarris, J.
Coulson, C. E.
Jacka, F. N.ORCID iD for Jacka, F. N.
Journal name Acta psychiatrica scandinavica
Volume number 127
Issue number Supplement s443
Season Special issue : Individualized management of unipolar depression
Start page 38
End page 54
Total pages 17
Publisher Wiley - Blackwell Publishing
Place of publication Malden, Mass.
Publication date 2013-05
ISSN 0001-690X
Keyword(s) lifestyle
Summary Objective To be used in conjunction with ‘Pharmacological management of unipolar depression’ [Malhi et al. Acta Psychiatr Scand 2013;127(Suppl. 443):6–23] and ‘Psychological management of unipolar depression’ [Lampe et al. Acta Psychiatr Scand 2013;127(Suppl. 443):24–37]. To provide clinically relevant recommendations for lifestyle modifications in depression, derived from a literature review.

Method A search of pertinent literature was conducted up to August 2012 in the area of lifestyle factors and depression. A narrative review was then conducted.

Results There is evidence that level of physical activity plays a role in the risk of depression, and there is a large and validated evidence base for exercise as a therapeutic modality. Smoking and alcohol and substance misuse appear to be independent risk factors for depression, while the new epidemiological evidence supports the contention that diet is a risk factor for depression; good quality diets appear protective and poor diets increase risk.

Conclusion Lifestyle modification, with a focus on exercise, diet, smoking and alcohol, may be of substantial value in reducing the burden of depression in individuals and the community.
Language eng
DOI 10.1111/acps.12124
Field of Research 119999 Medical and Health Sciences not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 970111 Expanding Knowledge in the Medical and Health Sciences
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
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