Perceptions of wellness to monitor adaptive responses to training and competition in elite Australian football

Gastin, Paul B., Meyer, Denny and Robinson, Dean 2013, Perceptions of wellness to monitor adaptive responses to training and competition in elite Australian football, Journal of strength and conditioning research, vol. 27, no. 9, pp. 2518-2526.

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Title Perceptions of wellness to monitor adaptive responses to training and competition in elite Australian football
Author(s) Gastin, Paul B.ORCID iD for Gastin, Paul B.
Meyer, Denny
Robinson, Dean
Journal name Journal of strength and conditioning research
Volume number 27
Issue number 9
Start page 2518
End page 2526
Total pages 9
Publisher Lippincott William & Wilkins
Place of publication Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Publication date 2013-09
ISSN 1064-8011
Keyword(s) athlete monitoring
self-report questionnaire
muscle fatigue
team sports
Summary Perceptions of wellness are often used by athletes and coaches to assess adaptive responses to training. The purpose of this research was to describe how players were coping with the demands of elite level Australian football over a competitive season using subjective ratings of physical and psychological wellness and to assess the ecological validity of such a monitoring approach. Twenty-seven players completed ratings for 9 items (fatigue, general muscle, hamstring, quadriceps, pain/stiffness, power, sleep quality, stress, well-being). Players subjectively rated each item as they arrived at the training or competition venue on a 1–5 visual analog scale, with 1 representing the positive end of the continuum. A total of 2,583 questionnaires were analyzed from completions on 183 days throughout the season (92 ± 24 per player, 103 ± 20 per week; mean ± SD). Descriptive statistics and multilevel modelling were used to understand how player ratings of wellness varied over the season and during the week leading into game day and whether selected player characteristics moderated these relationships. Results indicated that subjective ratings of physical and psychological wellness were sensitive to weekly training manipulations (i.e., improve steadily throughout the week to a game day low, p < 0.001), to periods of unloading during the season (i.e., a week of no competition, p < 0.05) and to individual player characteristics (e.g., muscle strain after a game was poorer in players with high maximum speed, p < 0.01). It is concluded that self-reported player ratings of wellness provide a useful tool for coaches and practitioners to monitor player responses to the rigorous demands of training, competition, and life as a professional athlete.
Language eng
Field of Research 110699 Human Movement and Sports Science not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 970111 Expanding Knowledge in the Medical and Health Sciences
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2013, Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins
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