Socioeconomic status and quality of life in population-based Australian men: data from the Geelong Osteoporosis Study

Brennan, Sharon L, Williams, Lana J, Berk, Michael and Pasco, Julie A 2013, Socioeconomic status and quality of life in population-based Australian men: data from the Geelong Osteoporosis Study, Australian and New Zealand journal of public health, vol. 37, no. 3, pp. 226-232, doi: 10.1111/1753-6405.12063.

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Title Socioeconomic status and quality of life in population-based Australian men: data from the Geelong Osteoporosis Study
Author(s) Brennan, Sharon LORCID iD for Brennan, Sharon L
Williams, Lana JORCID iD for Williams, Lana J
Berk, MichaelORCID iD for Berk, Michael
Pasco, Julie AORCID iD for Pasco, Julie A
Journal name Australian and New Zealand journal of public health
Volume number 37
Issue number 3
Start page 226
End page 232
Total pages 7
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell Publishing
Place of publication Chichester, England
Publication date 2013-06
ISSN 1326-0200
Keyword(s) socio-economic status
quality of life
Summary Objective : To investigate the relationship between socioeconomic status (SES) and reported perceptions of quality of life (QOL) in a cross-sectional population-based analysis of a representative sample of Australian men.

Methods : In 917 randomly recruited men aged 24–92 years, we measured QoL in the domains of physical health, psychological health, environment and social relationships, using the Australian World Health Organization Quality of Life Instrument (WHOQOL-BREF). Residential addresses were cross-referenced with Australian Bureau of Statistics 2006 census data to ascertain SES. Participants were categorised into lower, mid, or upper SES based on the Index of Relative Socioeconomic Disadvantage and Advantage (IRSAD), the Index of Economic Resources (IER), and the Index of Education and Occupation (IEO). Lifestyle and health information was self-reported.

Results : Males of lower SES reported poorer satisfaction with physical health (OR=0.6, 95%CI 0.4–0.9, p=0.02), psychological health (OR=0.4, 95%CI 0.3–.7, <0.001) and environment (OR=0.5, 95%CI 0.3–0.7, p<0.001), although not social relationships (p=0.59). The poorest QOL for each domain was observed in the lower and upper SES groups, representing an inverse U-shaped pattern of association; however, statistical significance was only observed for psychological  health (OR=0.5, 95%CI 0.4–0.7, p<0.001). These relationships were similar for IEO  and IER.

Conclusions : Men from lower and upper SES groups have lower QOL compared to their counterparts in the mid SES group.

Language eng
DOI 10.1111/1753-6405.12063
Field of Research 111706 Epidemiology
Socio Economic Objective 920206 Health Inequalities
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Grant ID NHMRC 628582
Persistent URL

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Health
School of Medicine
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