Exploration strategies map along fast-slow metabolic and life-history continua in muroid rodents

Careau, V., Bininda-Emonds, O.R.P., Thomas, D.W., Reale, D. and Humphries, M.M. 2009, Exploration strategies map along fast-slow metabolic and life-history continua in muroid rodents, Functional ecology, vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 150-156, doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2435.2008.01468.x.

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Title Exploration strategies map along fast-slow metabolic and life-history continua in muroid rodents
Author(s) Careau, V.
Bininda-Emonds, O.R.P.
Thomas, D.W.
Reale, D.
Humphries, M.M.
Journal name Functional ecology
Volume number 23
Issue number 1
Start page 150
End page 156
Total pages 7
Publisher Wiley
Place of publication London, England
Publication date 2009-02
ISSN 0269-8463
Keyword(s) age at first reproduction
basal metabolic rate
fast–slow continuum
open field
Summary 1Personality is highly relevant to ecology and the evolution of fast–slow metabolic and life-history strategies. One of the most important personality traits is exploratory behaviour, usually measured on an animal introduced to a novel environment (e.g. open-field test).2Here, we use a unique comparative dataset on open-field exploratory behaviour of muroid rodents to test a key assumption of a recent evolutionary model, i.e. that exploration thoroughness is positively correlated to age at first reproduction (AFR). We then examine how AFR and exploratory behaviour are related to basal metabolic rate (BMR).3Inter-specific variation in exploratory behaviour was positively correlated with AFR. Both AFR and exploration behaviour were negatively correlated with BMR. These results remained significant when taking phylogeny into account.4We suggest that species occupying unproductive and unpredictable environments simultaneously benefit from high exploration, low BMR and delayed AFR because exploration increases the likelihood of finding scarce resources, whereas low BMR and delayed reproduction enhance survival during frequent resources shortages.5This study provides the first empirical evidence for a link between personality, life-history, phylogeny and energy metabolism at the inter-specific level. The superficial-thorough exploration continuum can be mapped along the fast–slow metabolic and life-history continua.
Language eng
DOI 10.1111/j.1365-2435.2008.01468.x
Field of Research 059999 Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 970105 Expanding Knowledge in the Environmental Sciences
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2009, Wiley
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30056108

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