Trauma-related symptoms in Sri Lankan adult survivors after the tsunami: pretraumatic and peritraumatic factors

Gunaratne, Charini D., Kremer, Peter J., Clarke, Valerie and Lewis, Andrew J. 2013, Trauma-related symptoms in Sri Lankan adult survivors after the tsunami: pretraumatic and peritraumatic factors, Asia-Pacific journal of public health, vol. 26, no. 4, pp. 1-10, doi: 10.1177/1010539513500337.

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Title Trauma-related symptoms in Sri Lankan adult survivors after the tsunami: pretraumatic and peritraumatic factors
Author(s) Gunaratne, Charini D.
Kremer, Peter J.ORCID iD for Kremer, Peter J.
Clarke, Valerie
Lewis, Andrew J.ORCID iD for Lewis, Andrew J.
Journal name Asia-Pacific journal of public health
Volume number 26
Issue number 4
Start page 1
End page 10
Total pages 10
Publisher Sage Publications
Place of publication London, England
Publication date 2013
ISSN 1010-5395
Keyword(s) adult survivors
cross-cultural communication
Sri Lanka
natural disasters
occupational and environmental health
psychological/behavioral medicine
public health
population health
Summary Limited research has addressed factors associated with psychological distress following disasters among non-Western populations. The 2004 tsunami affected 1.7 million people across South Asia and Africa, with considerable variations in trauma-related outcomes. Pretraumatic and peritraumatic conditions associated with trauma-related symptoms in 305 Sri Lankan adult survivors (28% male, aged 18-83 years; mean = 39.9 years; standard deviation = 15.3), clinically assessed 1 month posttsunami, were evaluated retrospectively. Outcome measures were total scores on 11 trauma-related symptoms. Multivariate linear regression analyses tested for associations between pretraumatic and peritraumatic conditions and symptom scores, with peritraumatic conditions adjusted for pretraumatic variables. Pretraumatic conditions of female gender, employment, prior health and social issues, and substance use and peritraumatic conditions of loss of family, witnessing the tsunami, or suffering an injury were associated with trauma-related symptoms. The findings facilitate understanding cultural contexts that define risk factors associated with trauma-related symptoms in Sri Lankans, which are critical for developing culturally appropriate interventions.
Language eng
DOI 10.1177/1010539513500337
Field of Research 170199 Psychology not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 920410 Mental Health
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
HERDC collection year 2013
Copyright notice ©2013, Sage Publishing
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