A new urban planning code's impact on walking: The residential environments project

Christian, Hayley, Knuiman, Matthew, Bull, Fiona, Timperio, Anna, Foster, Sarah, Divitini, Mark, Middleton, Nicholas and Giles-Corti, Billie 2013, A new urban planning code's impact on walking: The residential environments project, American journal of public health, vol. 103, no. 7, pp. 1219-1228.

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Title A new urban planning code's impact on walking: The residential environments project
Author(s) Christian, Hayley
Knuiman, Matthew
Bull, Fiona
Timperio, AnnaORCID iD for Timperio, Anna orcid.org/0000-0002-8773-5012
Foster, Sarah
Divitini, Mark
Middleton, Nicholas
Giles-Corti, Billie
Journal name American journal of public health
Volume number 103
Issue number 7
Start page 1219
End page 1228
Total pages 10
Publisher American Public Health Association
Place of publication New York, N.Y.
Publication date 2013
ISSN 0090-0036
Keyword(s) Urban planning code
Summary Objectives. We examined whether people moving into a housing development designed according to a state government livable neighborhoods subdivision code engage in more walking than do people who move to other types of developments.

Methods. In a natural experiment of 1813 people building homes in 73 new housing developments in Perth, Western Australia, we surveyed participants before and then 12 and 36 months after moving. We measured self-reported walking using the Neighborhood Physical Activity Questionnaire and collected perceptions of the environment and self-selection factors. We calculated objective measures of the built environment using a Geographic Information System.

After relocation, participants in livable versus conventional developments had greater street connectivity, residential density, land use mix, and access to destinations and more positive perceptions of their neighborhood (all P < .05). However, there were no significant differences in walking over time by type of development (P > .05).

Implementation of the Livable Neighborhoods Guidelines produced more supportive environments; however, the level of intervention was insufficient to encourage more walking. Evaluations of new urban planning policies need to incorporate longer term follow-up to allow time for new neighborhoods to develop.
Language eng
Field of Research 110699 Human Movement and Sports Science not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 920412 Preventive Medicine
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30058672

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Health
School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences
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Created: Thu, 28 Nov 2013, 10:16:02 EST by Jane Moschetti

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