An update of Murrayan needs: A pilot study among American college students

Xu, Xiaoyan, Mellor, David, Xu, Yangang and Duan, Liqiong 2014, An update of Murrayan needs: A pilot study among American college students, Journal of Humanistic Psychology, vol. 54, no. 1, pp. 45-65, doi: 10.1177/0022167812470870.

Attached Files
Name Description MIMEType Size Downloads

Title An update of Murrayan needs: A pilot study among American college students
Author(s) Xu, Xiaoyan
Mellor, DavidORCID iD for Mellor, David
Xu, Yangang
Duan, Liqiong
Journal name Journal of Humanistic Psychology
Volume number 54
Issue number 1
Start page 45
End page 65
Total pages 21
Publisher SAGE Publications
Place of publication Thousand Oaks, CA
Publication date 2014
ISSN 0022-1678
Keyword(s) motivation
personal strivings
coding systems
Summary Much research work on motives has been based on the taxonomy of psychogenic needs originally proposed by Murray and his colleagues in 1938. However, many of these needs have received little attention, and some of them may be less relevant now than they were 70 years ago. Two studies were conducted to investigate current motives. In Study 1, we used the Striving Assessment to elicit the personal strivings of 255 undergraduate university students. Murray’s taxonomy was unable to account for 50% of the 2,937 strivings. These strivings were thematically groups into 11 new categories and combined with 7 Murrayan needs to form the Comprehensive Motivation Coding System (CMCS). In Study 2, Thematic Apperception Test (TAT) stories produced by 143 undergraduate student participants were coded by these two systems. Murray’s system was unable to fully account for 42% of motives identified in the TAT stories, but the CMCS was able to account for 89%. These findings suggest that Murrayan needs may not adequately describe contemporary motivations and that the CMCS has the potential to do so. However, due to the limited demographics of our sample, further investigations are needed.
Language eng
DOI 10.1177/0022167812470870
Field of Research 170109 Personality, Abilities and Assessment
Socio Economic Objective 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2014, Sage Publications
Persistent URL

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Health
School of Psychology
Connect to link resolver
Unless expressly stated otherwise, the copyright for items in DRO is owned by the author, with all rights reserved.

Version Filter Type
Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 0 times in TR Web of Science
Scopus Citation Count Cited 0 times in Scopus
Google Scholar Search Google Scholar
Access Statistics: 476 Abstract Views, 3 File Downloads  -  Detailed Statistics
Created: Wed, 09 Apr 2014, 10:24:38 EST by Penny Andrews

Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact