How do Thai patients receiving haemodialysis cope with pain?

Yodchai, Kantaporn, Dunning, Trisha, Savage, Sally, Hutchinson, Alison M. and Oumtanee, Areewan 2014, How do Thai patients receiving haemodialysis cope with pain?, Journal of renal care, vol. 40, no. 3, pp. 205-215, doi: 10.1111/jorc.12073.

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Title How do Thai patients receiving haemodialysis cope with pain?
Author(s) Yodchai, Kantaporn
Dunning, TrishaORCID iD for Dunning, Trisha
Savage, Sally
Hutchinson, Alison M.ORCID iD for Hutchinson, Alison M.
Oumtanee, Areewan
Journal name Journal of renal care
Volume number 40
Issue number 3
Start page 205
End page 215
Total pages 11
Publisher European Dialysis & Transplant Nurses Association
Place of publication Paris, France
Publication date 2014-09
ISSN 1755-6678
Keyword(s) chronic kidney disease
Pain affects peoples' well-being and quality of life and is one of the most common symptoms experienced by people receiving haemodialysis (HD).

To explore how Thai people receiving HD perceive pain, the effect of pain on their lives, and how they cope with and manage pain.

Purposive sampling was used to recruit participants from two Thai outpatient haemodialysis facilities in Songkhla province. Face-to-face, in-depth individual interviews using open-ended questions were conducted during January and February 2012. The interviews were audio-recorded and transcribed verbatim. Data were analysed using Ritchie and Spencer's Framework method.

Twenty people receiving HD participated in the study: age range 23–77 years; 10 were females. Three main types of pain emerged: physical pain, which occurred when needles were inserted during HD treatment and vascular access operations; psychological pain due to unfulfilled hopes and dreams and changes in family roles; and social pain. Perception of pain was influenced by the general populations' perceptions of chronic kidney disease. Participants used two main coping styles to manage pain: health-adjustment and health-behaviour styles. These two coping styles encompassed four specific coping strategies: religion, spirituality, accepting pain associated with HD treatment, and social support. Coping styles and strategies were influenced by Thai culture.

The study elicited information that could help nursing staff understand how Thai people manage pain and the importance of cultural beliefs to their pain experience and coping strategies, which in turn can help nurses plan appropriate pain management.
Language eng
DOI 10.1111/jorc.12073
Field of Research 111003 Clinical Nursing: Secondary (Acute Care)
Socio Economic Objective 920210 Nursing
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2014, European Dialysis & Transplant Nurses Association
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