Relationship between diet and mental health in children and adolescents: a systematic review

O'Neil,A, Quirk,SE, Housden,S, Brennan,SL, Williams,LJ, Pasco,JA, Berk,M and Jacka,FN 2014, Relationship between diet and mental health in children and adolescents: a systematic review, American journal of public health, vol. 104, no. 10, pp. e31-e42, doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2014.302110.

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Title Relationship between diet and mental health in children and adolescents: a systematic review
Author(s) O'Neil,A
Brennan,SLORCID iD for Brennan,SL
Williams,LJORCID iD for Williams,LJ
Pasco,JAORCID iD for Pasco,JA
Berk,MORCID iD for Berk,M
Jacka,FNORCID iD for Jacka,FN
Journal name American journal of public health
Volume number 104
Issue number 10
Start page e31
End page e42
Total pages 12
Publisher American Public Health Association
Place of publication Washington, DC
Publication date 2014-10
ISSN 1541-0048
Keyword(s) Science & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Public, Environmental & Occupational Health
Summary We systematically reviewed 12 epidemiological studies to determine whether an association exists between diet quality and patterns and mental health in children and adolescents; 9 explored the relationship using diet as the exposure, and 3 used mental health as the exposure. We found evidence of a significant, cross-sectional relationship between unhealthy dietary patterns and poorer mental health in children and adolescents. We observed a consistent trend for the relationship between good-quality diet and better mental health and some evidence for the reverse. When including only the 7 studies deemed to be of high methodological quality, all but 1 of these trends remained. Findings highlight the potential importance of the relationship between dietary patterns or quality and mental health early in the life span.
Language eng
DOI 10.2105/AJPH.2014.302110
Field of Research 111714 Mental Health
Socio Economic Objective 920501 Child Health
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2014, American Public Health Association
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Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Health
School of Medicine
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