How important is young children's actual and perceived movement skill competence to their physical activity?

Slykerman, Sarah, Ridgers, Nicola D., Stevenson, Christopher and Barnett, Lisa M. 2016, How important is young children's actual and perceived movement skill competence to their physical activity?, Journal of science and medicine in sport, vol. 19, no. 6, pp. 488-492, doi: 10.1016/j.jsams.2015.07.002.

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Title How important is young children's actual and perceived movement skill competence to their physical activity?
Author(s) Slykerman, Sarah
Ridgers, Nicola D.ORCID iD for Ridgers, Nicola D.
Stevenson, ChristopherORCID iD for Stevenson, Christopher
Barnett, Lisa M.ORCID iD for Barnett, Lisa M.
Journal name Journal of science and medicine in sport
Volume number 19
Issue number 6
Start page 488
End page 492
Total pages 5
Publisher Elsevier
Place of publication Amsterdam, The Nerthlands
Publication date 2016-06
ISSN 1878-1861
Keyword(s) fundamental movement skill
locomotor skill
object control skill
physical self-perception
Summary OBJECTIVES: To determine the associations between young children's actual and perceived object control and locomotor skills and physical activity and whether associations differ by sex. DESIGN: Cross sectional study. METHODS: A total of 136 children consented. Children had actual skill (Test of Gross Motor Development-2), perceived skill (Pictorial Scale of Perceived Movement Skill Competence for Young Children), and moderate- to vigorous-intensity physical activity (MVPA) (accelerometers) assessed. Independent t-tests assessed sex differences. A regression (with MVPA as the outcome) was performed with all predictor variables (i.e. Actual Object Control, Actual Locomotor, Perceived Object Control, and Perceived Locomotor). Model 2 also adjusted for age, sex, accelerometer wear time and whether the child was from an English speaking background. Interaction terms between the respective actual or perceived skill factor and sex were added to assess sex differences. RESULTS: Analyses were conducted on 109 children (59 boys, 50 girls; mean age=6.5 years, SD=1.0). Boys had higher actual and perceived object control skill and were more active by an average of 19min per day. There were no sex differences in locomotor skills. There were no associations between skill factors and MVPA, except for girls, where locomotor skill was a significant predictor of MVPA (B=3.66, p=0.016). CONCLUSIONS: Actual rather than perceived skill competence was more important to MVPA in this sample. Locomotor skill competence may be more important than object control skill competence for girls as they may engage in types of physical activity that do not require object control mastery.
Language eng
DOI 10.1016/j.jsams.2015.07.002
Field of Research 110699 Human Movement and Sports Science not elsewhere classified
1106 Human Movement and Sports Science
1117 Public Health and Health Services
Socio Economic Objective 920401 Behaviour and Health
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2015, Sports Medicine Australia
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