Normative data for the strengths and difficulties questionnaire for young children in Australia

Kremer, Peter, de Silva, Andrea, Cleary, Joyce, Santoro, Giuseppe, Weston, Karen, Steele, Emily, Nolan, Terry and Waters, Elizabeth 2015, Normative data for the strengths and difficulties questionnaire for young children in Australia, Journal of paediatrics and child health, vol. 51, no. 10, pp. 970-975, doi: 10.1111/jpc.12897.

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Title Normative data for the strengths and difficulties questionnaire for young children in Australia
Author(s) Kremer, PeterORCID iD for Kremer, Peter
de Silva, Andrea
Cleary, Joyce
Santoro, Giuseppe
Weston, Karen
Steele, Emily
Nolan, Terry
Waters, Elizabeth
Journal name Journal of paediatrics and child health
Volume number 51
Issue number 10
Start page 970
End page 975
Total pages 6
Publisher Wiley
Place of publication London, Vic
Publication date 2015-10-14
ISSN 1440-1754
Keyword(s) behavioural and emotional difficulties
child health
mental health
normative data
Summary AIM: The aim of this study was to report normative data for the parent-reported Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) from a large population cohort of young children aged 4-6 years from Victoria, Australia, to establish age- and sex-specific cut-off values for future use, and to determine the scale reliability of the SDQ for children aged 4-6 years. METHODS: Parents of children (n = 53 372) entering their first year of school in Victoria in 2010 completed a survey via a 15-page School Entrant Health Questionnaire reporting on the physical and emotional well-being of their child (including the SDQ), use of child health and other support services, and a range of socio-demographic variables. Reliability was assessed and norms generated. Appropriate cut-off values for each SDQ scale and total difficulties scale were generated for each age group separately for each sex. RESULTS: The five scales of the SDQ and total difficulties scale generally had acceptable internal reliability. Mean SDQ scale scores differed for both sex and age, although only a narrow age range is examined in this study. Cut-off values were marginally higher for girls (lower for prosocial) and generally increased with age. CONCLUSIONS: This study has utilised a large Australian population sample of children to generate age- and sex-specific cut-off values that define SDQ scores as 'normal', 'borderline' or 'abnormal' for Australian children aged 4-6 years.
Language eng
DOI 10.1111/jpc.12897
Field of Research 110699 Human Movement and Sports Science not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 920410 Mental Health
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2015, Wiley
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School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences
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