A meta-analysis of cross sectional studies investigating language in maltreated children

Lum, Jarrad A. G., Powell, Martine, Timms, Lydia and Snow, Pamela 2015, A meta-analysis of cross sectional studies investigating language in maltreated children, Journal of speech, language, and hearing research, vol. 58, no. 3, pp. 961-976, doi: 10.1044/2015_JSLHR-L-14-0056.

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Title A meta-analysis of cross sectional studies investigating language in maltreated children
Author(s) Lum, Jarrad A. G.ORCID iD for Lum, Jarrad A. G. orcid.org/0000-0003-2098-2403
Powell, MartineORCID iD for Powell, Martine orcid.org/0000-0001-5092-1308
Timms, Lydia
Snow, Pamela
Journal name Journal of speech, language, and hearing research
Volume number 58
Issue number 3
Start page 961
End page 976
Total pages 16
Publisher American Speech-Language-Hearing Association
Place of publication Rockville, Md.
Publication date 2015
ISSN 1092-4388
Summary Purpose: In this review article, meta-analysis was used to summarize research investigating language skills in maltreated children. Method: A systematic search of published studies was undertaken. Studies were included in the meta-analysis if they investigated language skills in groups comprising maltreated and nonmaltreated children. Studies were selected if these 2 groups of children were of comparable age and from a similar socioeconomic background. Results: A total of 26 studies were identified that met the inclusion criteria. Results from the meta-analysis showed that maltreated children demonstrated consistently poorer language skills with respect to receptive vocabulary (k = 19; standardized mean difference [SMD] = .463; 95% confidence interval [CI; .293, .634]; p < .001), expressive language (k = 4; SMD =.860; 95% CI [.557, 1.163]; p < .001), and receptive language (k = 9; SMD =.528; 95% CI [.220, .837]; p < .001). Conclusion: Together, these results indicate a reliable association between child maltreatment and poor language skills.
Language eng
DOI 10.1044/2015_JSLHR-L-14-0056
Field of Research 170104 Forensic Psychology
Socio Economic Objective 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Grant ID DP1095509
Copyright notice ©2015, American Speech-Language-Hearing Association
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30076220

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Health
School of Psychology
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