The relationship between problem gambling and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder

Waluk, O.R., Youssef, G.J. and Dowling, N.A. 2015, The relationship between problem gambling and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, Journal of gambling studies, vol. 32, pp. 591-604, doi: 10.1007/s10899-015-9564-8.

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Title The relationship between problem gambling and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
Author(s) Waluk, O.R.
Youssef, G.J.ORCID iD for Youssef, G.J.
Dowling, N.A.ORCID iD for Dowling, N.A.
Journal name Journal of gambling studies
Volume number 32
Start page 591
End page 604
Total pages 14
Publisher Springer
Place of publication New York, N.Y.
Publication date 2015
ISSN 1573-3602
Keyword(s) Problem gambling
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
Summary Recent studies indicate that treatment-seeking problem gamblers display elevated rates of ADHD and that adolescents who screen positive for ADHD are more likely to engage in gambling, develop gambling problems, and experience a greater severity in gambling problems. This study aimed to (a) compare the prevalence of ADHD in treatment-seeking problem gamblers to the general population; (b) investigate the relationships between ADHD and problem gambling severity, cluster B personality disorders, motor impulsivity, alcohol use, substance use, gender, and age; and (c) investigate the degree to which these factors moderate the relationship between ADHD and problem gambling severity. Participants included 214 adults (154 males, 58 females, 2 unspecified) who sought treatment for their gambling problems at a specialist gambling agency in Melbourne, Australia. Almost one-quarter (24.9 %) of treatment-seeking problem gamblers screened positively for ADHD, which was significantly higher than the 14 % prevalence in a community sample. ADHD was significantly positively correlated with problem gambling severity, motor impulsivity, and cluster B personality disorders, but was not associated with alcohol and substance use, gender or age. None of the factors significantly moderated the relationship between ADHD and problem gambling severity. These findings suggest that a considerable proportion of treatment-seeking problem gamblers report ADHD and that their clinical profile is complicated by the presence of high impulsivity and cluster B personality disorders. They highlight the need for specialist gambling agencies to develop screening, assessment, and management protocols for co-occurring ADHD to enhance the effectiveness of treatment.
Language eng
DOI 10.1007/s10899-015-9564-8
Field of Research 170199 Psychology not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 920410 Mental Health
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2015, Springer
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Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Health
School of Psychology
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