Congestion pricing and active transport - evidence from five opportunities for natural experiment

Brown, Vicki, Moodie, Marj and Carter, Rob 2015, Congestion pricing and active transport - evidence from five opportunities for natural experiment, Journal of transport and health, vol. 2, no. 4, pp. 568-579, doi: 10.1016/j.jth.2015.08.002.

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Title Congestion pricing and active transport - evidence from five opportunities for natural experiment
Author(s) Brown, VickiORCID iD for Brown, Vicki
Moodie, MarjORCID iD for Moodie, Marj
Carter, RobORCID iD for Carter, Rob
Journal name Journal of transport and health
Volume number 2
Issue number 4
Start page 568
End page 579
Total pages 12
Publisher Elsevier
Place of publication Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Publication date 2015-05
ISSN 2214-1405
Keyword(s) Congestion
Modal shift
Physical activity
Summary Congestion pricing schemes have been implemented in cities worldwide as a means of addressing externalities associated with inefficient price signals in transport systems. Limited evidence exists however on the secondary impacts of these schemes, which may include both environmental and health benefits associated with a resultant reduction in motor vehicle usage. There is increasing recognition that transport behaviours may play a role as opportunistic population level targets to reduce physical inactivity. Yet limited evidence currently exists on the effectiveness of transport interventions, such as congestion pricing schemes, for improving physical activity levels.This study aims to examine the physical activity effects of congestion pricing, with the health benefits of physical activity well established. Congestion pricing schemes implemented internationally were considered as 'natural experiments' and evidence of modal shift from vehicle to active forms of transport or physical activity effect was reviewed. Twelve studies were included from a search of peer-reviewed and 'grey' literature, with overall evidence for a physical activity or modal shift effect considered weak. The quality of the available evidence was also considered to be low.This is not to say that congestion pricing schemes may not have important secondary physical activity related health benefits. Instead, this review highlights the paucity of evidence that has been collected from real-world implementation of congestion pricing schemes. Given the growing recognition of the importance of distal mediators and determinants of health and the need for an 'all-of-government' approach more and better quality evidence of effectiveness of transport interventions for a broad range of outcomes, including health, is required. Significant barriers to the collection of such evidence exist, with strategies for overcoming some of these barriers identified. Only with a better understanding of the full range of potential health impacts can transport policy be fully utilised as a tool for population health.
Language eng
DOI 10.1016/j.jth.2015.08.002
Field of Research 140208 Health Economics
Socio Economic Objective 920499 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) not elsewhere classified
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2015, Elsevier
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Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Health
Population Health
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