Gender roles and the education gender gap in Turkey

Caner, Asena, Guven, Cahit, Okten, Cagla and Sakalli, Seyhun Orcan 2016, Gender roles and the education gender gap in Turkey, Social indicators research: an international and interdisciplinary journal for quality-of-life measurement, vol. 129, no. 3, pp. 1231-1254.

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Title Gender roles and the education gender gap in Turkey
Author(s) Caner, Asena
Guven, CahitORCID iD for Guven, Cahit
Okten, Cagla
Sakalli, Seyhun Orcan
Journal name Social indicators research: an international and interdisciplinary journal for quality-of-life measurement
Volume number 129
Issue number 3
Start page 1231
End page 1254
Total pages 24
Publisher Springer
Place of publication New York, N.Y.
Publication date 2016-12
ISSN 1573-0921
Keyword(s) Education gender gap
Gender roles
Compulsory schooling
Summary Using nationally representative data on individual subjective views on gender roles, we examine the gender gap in educational achievement in Turkey and show that the cultural bias against the education of girls is a fundamental factor behind their low educational attainment in socially conservative societies. The 1997 education reform in Turkey extended compulsory schooling from 5 to 8 years. Using the reform as a natural experiment, we investigate the impact of the reform on the effects of mothers’ traditional views in determining children’s educational attainment. We find that the reform helped reduce school dropout rates across the country. Nevertheless, regardless of the mother’s view on gender roles, the reductions in school dropout rates were similar for boys and girls, failing to eliminate the gender gap against girls. Turkey is an excellent environment to study the effects of societal gender roles since it combines modernity with traditionalism and displays a wide spectrum of views on gender roles. It is also one of the few developing countries where a gender gap to the detriment of females still exists in educational achievement
Language eng
Field of Research 140204 Economics of Education
Socio Economic Objective 910202 Human Capital Issues
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2015, Springer
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Department of Economics
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