The application of an etiological model of personality disorders to problem gambling

Brown, Meredith, Allen, J. Sabura and Dowling, Nicole 2015, The application of an etiological model of personality disorders to problem gambling, Journal of gambling studies, vol. 31, no. 4, pp. 1179-1199, doi: 10.1007/s10899-014-9504-z.

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Title The application of an etiological model of personality disorders to problem gambling
Author(s) Brown, Meredith
Allen, J. Sabura
Dowling, NicoleORCID iD for Dowling, Nicole
Journal name Journal of gambling studies
Volume number 31
Issue number 4
Start page 1179
End page 1199
Total pages 21
Publisher Springer
Place of publication Berlin, Germany
Publication date 2015-12
ISSN 1573-3602
Keyword(s) problem gambling
personality disorder
borderline personality disorder
literature review
Science & Technology
Social Sciences
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Substance Abuse
Psychology, Multidisciplinary
Summary Problem gambling is a significant mental health problem that creates a multitude of intrapersonal, interpersonal, and social difficulties. Recent empirical evidence suggests that personality disorders, and in particular borderline personality disorder (BPD), are commonly co-morbid with problem gambling. Despite this finding there has been very little research examining overlapping factors between these two disorders. The aim of this review is to summarise the literature exploring the relationship between problem gambling and personality disorders. The co-morbidity of personality disorders, particularly BPD, is reviewed and the characteristics of problem gamblers with co-morbid personality disordersare explored. An etiological model from the more advanced BPD literature—the biosocial developmental model of BPD—is used to review the similarities between problem gambling and BPD across four domains: early parent–child interactions, emotion regulation, co-morbid psychopathology and negative outcomes. It was concluded that personality disorders, in particular BPD are commonly co-morbid among problem gamblers and the presence of a personality disorder complicates the clinical picture. Furthermore BPD and problem gambling share similarities across the biosocial developmental model of BPD.Therefore clinicians working with problem gamblers should incorporate routine screening for personality disorders and pay careful attention to the therapeutic alliance, client motivations and therapeutic boundaries. Furthermore adjustments to therapy structure, goals and outcomes may be required. Directions for future research include further research into the applicability of the biosocial developmental model of BPD to problemgambling.
Language eng
DOI 10.1007/s10899-014-9504-z
Field of Research 170199 Psychology not elsewhere classified
1506 Tourism
1701 Psychology
1608 Sociology
Socio Economic Objective 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2014, Springer Science+Business Media New York
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Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Health
School of Psychology
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