Construct validity of the pictorial scale of perceived movement skill competence

Barnett, Lisa M., Vazou, Spyridoula, Abbott, Gavin, Bowe, Steven J., Robinson, Leah E., Ridgers, Nicola D. and Salmon, Jo 2016, Construct validity of the pictorial scale of perceived movement skill competence, Psychology of sport and exercise, vol. 22, pp. 294-302, doi: 10.1016/j.psychsport.2015.09.002.

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Title Construct validity of the pictorial scale of perceived movement skill competence
Author(s) Barnett, Lisa M.ORCID iD for Barnett, Lisa M.
Vazou, Spyridoula
Abbott, GavinORCID iD for Abbott, Gavin
Bowe, Steven J.ORCID iD for Bowe, Steven J.
Robinson, Leah E.
Ridgers, Nicola D.ORCID iD for Ridgers, Nicola D.
Salmon, JoORCID iD for Salmon, Jo
Journal name Psychology of sport and exercise
Volume number 22
Start page 294
End page 302
Total pages 9
Publisher Elsevier
Place of publication Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Publication date 2016-01
ISSN 1469-0292
Keyword(s) child
movement skill
object control
motor perceptions
Summary Objectives: The Pictorial Scale of Perceived Movement Skill Competence (PMSC) assesses young children's perceptions of movement skill competence: 12 perceived Fundamental Movement skills (FMS; based on the Test of Gross Motor Development 2nd edition TGMD-2) and six Active Play activities (e.g. cycling). The main study purpose was to assess whether children's movement perception scores fit within the imposed constructs of Active Play and FMS by testing the latent structure and construct validity of the PMSC.

Design: Construct validation study.

Methods: Participants were part of the Melbourne Infant Feeding, Activity and Nutrition Trial (InFANT). The latent structure of the PMSC responses was tested through confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) and Bayesian Structural Equation Modeling (BSEM). Internal consistency was conducted using polychoric correlation-based alphas.

Results: The 303 children (boys 53.1%, n = 161) were aged 4-5 years (M = 4.7, SD = 0.46). The final model had an 18 item 3-factor solution with good fit indices (using CFA and BSEM). Factors were: Active Play (Bike, Board Paddle, Climb, Skate/Blade, Scooter, and Swim), Object Control - Hand Skills (Bounce, Catch, Hit, Throw), and FMS skills with a leg action (Gallop, Hop, Jump, Leap, Run, Step Slide, Kick, Roll). Alpha reliability values were: Active Play (0.78), Object Control-Hand Skills (0.76) and FMS-Dynamic Leg (0.84).

Conclusion: Young children can distinguish between movement perceptions. The factors reflect the hypothesized structure in terms of FMS being distinguished from Active Play. Further research should investigate how and if these constructs change in children over time.
Language eng
DOI 10.1016/j.psychsport.2015.09.002
Field of Research 110699 Human Movement and Sports Science not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 920401 Behaviour and Health
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Grant ID NHMRC 425801
NHMRC 1008879
Copyright notice ©2015, Elsevier
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