Implicit and explicit motor learning: Application to children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)

Izadi-Najafabadi, Sara, Mirzakhani-Araghi, Navid, Miri-Lavasani, Negar, Nejati, Vahid and Pashazadeh-Azari, Zahra 2015, Implicit and explicit motor learning: Application to children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), Research in developmental disabilities, vol. 47, pp. 284-296, doi: 10.1016/j.ridd.2015.09.020.

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Title Implicit and explicit motor learning: Application to children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)
Author(s) Izadi-Najafabadi, Sara
Mirzakhani-Araghi, Navid
Miri-Lavasani, Negar
Nejati, Vahid
Pashazadeh-Azari, Zahra
Journal name Research in developmental disabilities
Volume number 47
Start page 284
End page 296
Total pages 13
Publisher Elsevier
Place of publication Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Publication date 2015-12
ISSN 0891-4222
Keyword(s) Autism Spectrum Disorder
Implicit and explicit motor learning
Cognitive orientation to daily occupational performance (CO-OP)
Summary Aims and objectives: This study aims to determine whether children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) are capable of learning a motor skill both implicitly and explicitly. Methods: In the present study, 30 boys with ASD, aged 7-11 with IQ average of 81.2, were compared with 32 typical IQ- and age-matched boys on their performance on a serial reaction time task (SRTT). Children were grouped by ASD and typical children and by implicit and explicit learning groups for the SRTT. Results: Implicit motor learning occurred in both children with ASD (p = .02) and typical children (p = .01). There were no significant differences between groups (p = .39). However, explicit motor learning was only observed in typical children (p = .01) not children with ASD (p = .40). There was a significant difference between groups for explicit learning (p = .01). Discussion: The results of our study showed that implicit motor learning is not affected in children with ASD. Implications for implicit and explicit learning are applied to the CO-OP approach of motor learning with children with ASD.
Language eng
DOI 10.1016/j.ridd.2015.09.020
Field of Research 1303 Specialist Studies In Education
1701 Psychology
1117 Public Health And Health Services
Socio Economic Objective 920403 Disability and Functional Capacity
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2015, Elsevier
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Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Health
School of Health and Social Development
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