Sleep education improves the sleep duration of adolescents: a randomized controlled pilot study

Kira, Geoff, Maddison, Ralph, Hull, Michelle, Blunden, Sarah and Olds, Timothy 2014, Sleep education improves the sleep duration of adolescents: a randomized controlled pilot study, Journal of clinical sleep medicine, vol. 10, no. 7, pp. 787-792, doi: 10.5664/jcsm.3874.

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Title Sleep education improves the sleep duration of adolescents: a randomized controlled pilot study
Author(s) Kira, Geoff
Maddison, RalphORCID iD for Maddison, Ralph
Hull, Michelle
Blunden, Sarah
Olds, Timothy
Journal name Journal of clinical sleep medicine
Volume number 10
Issue number 7
Start page 787
End page 792
Total pages 6
Publisher American Academy of Sleep Medicine
Place of publication Darien, Ill.
Publication date 2014
ISSN 1550-9397
Keyword(s) adolescents
sleep duration
sleep education
Feasibility Studies
Health Education
New Zealand
Pilot Projects
Program Development
Program Evaluation
Surveys and Questionnaires
Time Factors
Summary PURPOSE: To determine the feasibility and pilot a sleep education program in New Zealand high school students.

METHODS: A parallel, two-arm randomized controlled pilot trial was conducted. High school students (13 to 16 years) were randomly allocated to either a classroom-based sleep education program intervention (n = 15) or to a usual curriculum control group (n = 14). The sleep education program involved four 50-minute classroom-based education sessions with interactive groups. Students completed a 7-day sleep diary, a sleep questionnaire (including sleep hygiene, knowledge and problems) at baseline, post-intervention (4 weeks) and 10 weeks follow-up.

RESULTS: An overall treatment effect was observed for weekend sleep duration (F 1,24 = 5.21, p = 0.03). Participants in the intervention group slept longer during weekend nights at 5 weeks (1:37 h:min, p = 0.01) and 10 weeks: (1:32 h:min, p = 0.03) compared to those in the control group. No differences were found between groups for sleep duration on weekday nights. No significant differences were observed between groups for any of the secondary outcomes (sleep hygiene, sleep problems, or sleep knowledge).

CONCLUSIONS: A sleep education program appears to increase weekend sleep duration in the short term. Although this program was feasible, most schools are under time and resource pressure, thus alternative methods of delivery should be assessed for feasibility and efficacy. Larger trials of longer duration are needed to confirm these findings and determine the sustained effect of sleep education on sleep behavior and its impact on health and psychosocial outcomes.
Language eng
DOI 10.5664/jcsm.3874
Field of Research 111799 Public Health and Health Services not elsewhere classified
1103 Clinical Sciences
1199 Other Medical And Health Sciences
Socio Economic Objective 920499 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) not elsewhere classified
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2014, American Academy of Sleep Medicine
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Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Health
School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences
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