The effect of 5, 10, and 20 repetition maximums on the recovery of voluntary and evoked contractile properties

Behm, David G., Reardon, Gregory, Fitzgerald, James and Drinkwater, Eric 2002, The effect of 5, 10, and 20 repetition maximums on the recovery of voluntary and evoked contractile properties, Journal of strength and conditioning research, vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 209-218.

Attached Files
Name Description MIMEType Size Downloads

Title The effect of 5, 10, and 20 repetition maximums on the recovery of voluntary and evoked contractile properties
Author(s) Behm, David G.
Reardon, Gregory
Fitzgerald, James
Drinkwater, EricORCID iD for Drinkwater, Eric
Journal name Journal of strength and conditioning research
Volume number 16
Issue number 2
Start page 209
End page 218
Total pages 10
Publisher Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Place of publication Philadelphia, Pa.
Publication date 2002-05
ISSN 1064-8011
Keyword(s) maximal strength training
neural adaptations
twitch properties
Summary Maximal strength training has been reported to emphasize neural adaptations. The main objective of this study was to detect differences in muscle activation between 5, 10, and 20 repetition maximum (RM) sets. Fourteen subjects performed elbow flexion with 5, 10, and 20RM. Subjects were tested for maximum isometric force (maximal voluntary contraction [MVC]), twitch amplitude (peak twitch [Pt]), time to peak twitch (TPT), half relaxation time (1/2 RT), electromyography (EMG), and muscle activation (interpolated twitch). Subjects were tested preexercise and 30 seconds, 1, 2, and 3 minutes postexercise. There were no significant differences in MVC, muscle activation, or antagonist/agonist EMG after 5, 10, or 20RM. However, greater RM did have a greater detrimental effect on twitch properties than fewer RM. Peak twitch was significantly (p = 0.004) less (32.08%) for the 20 than for the 5RM, whereas TPT shortened (p < 0.05) by 7.3 and 11.1% with 10 and 20RM vs. 5RM, respectively. Half relaxation time at 20RM was shortened (p < 0.05) by 20.6 and 25.4% compared with that at 5 and 10RM, respectively. MVC, muscle activation, and temporal twitch properties did not recover within 3 minutes of recovery. In conclusion, whereas 5RM did not produce greater muscle inactivation, twitch contractile properties were affected to a greater degree by a higher number of RM.
Language eng
Field of Research 1106 Human Movement And Sports Science
Socio Economic Objective 929999 Health not elsewhere classified
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2002, National Strength & Conditioning Association
Persistent URL

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Health
School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences
Connect to link resolver
Unless expressly stated otherwise, the copyright for items in DRO is owned by the author, with all rights reserved.

Version Filter Type
Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 37 times in TR Web of Science
Scopus Citation Count Cited 38 times in Scopus
Google Scholar Search Google Scholar
Access Statistics: 450 Abstract Views, 5 File Downloads  -  Detailed Statistics
Created: Thu, 05 May 2016, 13:35:01 EST

Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact