The role of habit and perceived control on health behavior among pregnant women

Mullan, Barbara, Henderson, Joanna, Kothe, Emily, Allom, Vanessa, Orbell, Sheina and Hamilton, Kyra 2016, The role of habit and perceived control on health behavior among pregnant women, American journal of health behaviour, vol. 40, no. 3, pp. 291-301, doi: 10.5993/AJHB.40.3.1.

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Title The role of habit and perceived control on health behavior among pregnant women
Author(s) Mullan, Barbara
Henderson, Joanna
Kothe, EmilyORCID iD for Kothe, Emily
Allom, Vanessa
Orbell, Sheina
Hamilton, Kyra
Journal name American journal of health behaviour
Volume number 40
Issue number 3
Start page 291
End page 301
Total pages 11
Publisher PNG Publications
Place of publication Oak Ridge, N.C.
Publication date 2016-05
ISSN 1945-7359
Keyword(s) Adult
Health Behavior
Internal-External Control
Summary OBJECTIVE: Many pregnant women do not adhere to physical activity and dietary recommendations. Research investigating what psychological processes might predict physical activity and healthy eating (fruit and vegetable consumption) during pregnancy is scant. We explored the role of intention, habit, and perceived behavioral control as predictors of physical activity and healthy eating. METHODS: Pregnant women (N = 195, Mage = 30.17, SDage = 4.46) completed questionnaires at 2 time points. At Time 1, participants completed measures of intention, habit, and perceived behavioral control. At Time 2, participants reported on their behavior (physical activity and healthy eating) within the intervening week. Regression analysis determined whether Time 1 variables predicted behavior at Time 2. Interaction terms also were tested. RESULTS: Final regression models indicated that only intention and habit explained significant variance in physical activity, whereas habit and the interaction between intention and habit explained significant variance in healthy eating. Simple slopes analysis indicated that the relationship between intention and healthy eating behavior was only significant at high levels of habit. CONCLUSIONS: Findings highlight the influence of habit on behavior and suggest that automaticity interventions may be useful in changing health behaviors during pregnancy.
Language eng
DOI 10.5993/AJHB.40.3.1
Field of Research 170199 Psychology not elsewhere classified
1117 Public Health And Health Services
1302 Curriculum And Pedagogy
Socio Economic Objective 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2016, PNG Publications
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Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Health
School of Psychology
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