The importance of diet and gut health to the treatment and prevention of mental disorders

Dawson, S.L., Dash, S.R. and Jacka, F.N. 2016, The importance of diet and gut health to the treatment and prevention of mental disorders, International review of neurobiology, vol. 131, pp. 325-346, doi: 10.1016/bs.irn.2016.08.009.

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Title The importance of diet and gut health to the treatment and prevention of mental disorders
Author(s) Dawson, S.L.ORCID iD for Dawson, S.L.
Dash, S.R.
Jacka, F.N.ORCID iD for Jacka, F.N.
Journal name International review of neurobiology
Volume number 131
Start page 325
End page 346
Total pages 22
Publisher Elsevier
Place of publication Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Publication date 2016
ISSN 0074-7742
Keyword(s) depression
gut health
mental disorders
Summary The departure from traditional lifestyles and the rising disease burden of mental disorders are increasing global health concerns. Changes in diet around the world mean that populations are now increasingly reliant on highly processed, poor quality foods, which have been linked to increased risk for mental disorder. Conversely, a nutrient-rich diet is understood to be protective of mental health, and researchers are now aiming to understand the biological underpinnings of this relationship. The gut microbiota has been proposed as a key mediator of this link, given its association with both diet and mental health. Importantly, several critical "windows of opportunity" for prevention and intervention have been identified, particularly early life and adolescence; these are periods of rapid development and transition that provide a foundation for future health. Strategies that promote overall diet quality, high in fiber and nutrients, have been linked to increased microbial diversity and gut health. Improving diet quality and subsequent gut health may have benefits for individuals' mental health, as well as the mental health of future generations. Here we discuss specific, targeted dietary and gut focused strategies for the prevention and treatment of mental disorder.
Language eng
DOI 10.1016/bs.irn.2016.08.009
Field of Research 110999 Neurosciences not elsewhere classified
1109 Neurosciences
1702 Cognitive Science
Socio Economic Objective 920111 Nervous System and Disorders
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2016, Elsevier
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Document type: Journal Article
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School of Medicine
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