Global participation in sport and leisure-time physical activities: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Hulteen, Ryan M., Smith, Jordan J., Morgan, Philip J., Barnett, Lisa M., Hallal, Pedro C., Colyvas, Kim and Lubans, David R. 2017, Global participation in sport and leisure-time physical activities: a systematic review and meta-analysis, Preventive medicine, vol. 95, pp. 14-25, doi: 10.1016/j.ypmed.2016.11.027.

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Title Global participation in sport and leisure-time physical activities: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Author(s) Hulteen, Ryan M.
Smith, Jordan J.
Morgan, Philip J.
Barnett, Lisa M.ORCID iD for Barnett, Lisa M.
Hallal, Pedro C.
Colyvas, Kim
Lubans, David R.
Journal name Preventive medicine
Volume number 95
Start page 14
End page 25
Total pages 12
Publisher Elsevier
Place of publication Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Publication date 2017-02
ISSN 0091-7435
Keyword(s) team sports
lifelong physical activities
Summary This review aimed to determine the most popular physical activities performed by children, adolescents, and adults globally. Statistic bureau websites and article databases Scopus, ProQuest, SPORTDiscus, and Science Direct were searched between November 17th, 2014 and April 31st, 2015. Eligible studies were published in the last 10 years with participation rates for specific physical activities among individuals five years or older. Data extraction for included articles (n = 64) was assessed independently and agreed upon by two authors. A random-effects model was used to calculate participation rates in specific activities for each age group and region. In total 73,304 articles were retrieved and 64 articles representing 47 countries were included in the final meta-analysis. Among adults, walking was the most popular activity in the Americas (18.9%; 95% CI 10.2 to 32.5), Eastern Mediterranean (15.0%; 95% CI 5.8 to 33.6), Southeast Asia (39.3%; 95% CI 0.9 to 98.0) and Western Pacific (41.8%; 95% CI 25.2 to 60.6). In Europe and Africa, soccer (10.0%; 95% CI 6.5 to 15.1) and running (9.3%; 95% CI 0.9 to 53.9), respectively, were top activities. Child and adolescent participation results were highly dependent upon region. American youth team sport participation was high, while youth from the Eastern Mediterranean and Western Pacific were more likely to report participation in lifelong physical activities. Global data for adults reflects a consistent pattern of participation in running and walking. Among all age groups and regions soccer was popular. In children and adolescents, preferences were variable between regions.
Language eng
DOI 10.1016/j.ypmed.2016.11.027
Field of Research 110699 Human Movement and Sports Science not elsewhere classified
1106 Human Movement And Sports Science
1117 Public Health And Health Services
1302 Curriculum And Pedagogy
Socio Economic Objective 970111 Expanding Knowledge in the Medical and Health Sciences
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2016, Elsevier
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Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Health
School of Health and Social Development
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