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Prevalence of risk factors for hypertension: a cross-sectional study in an urban area of Bangladesh

Islam, Shiekh Mohammed Shariful, Mainuddin, A. K. M., Islam, Md Serajul, Karim, Mohammad Azizul, Mou, Sabrina Zaman, Arefin, Shamsul and Chowdhury, Kamrun Nahar 2015, Prevalence of risk factors for hypertension: a cross-sectional study in an urban area of Bangladesh, Global cardiology science and practice, vol. 2015, no. 4, pp. 1-9, doi: 10.5339/gcsp.2015.43.

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Title Prevalence of risk factors for hypertension: a cross-sectional study in an urban area of Bangladesh
Author(s) Islam, Shiekh Mohammed SharifulORCID iD for Islam, Shiekh Mohammed Shariful orcid.org/0000-0001-7926-9368
Mainuddin, A. K. M.
Islam, Md Serajul
Karim, Mohammad Azizul
Mou, Sabrina Zaman
Arefin, Shamsul
Chowdhury, Kamrun Nahar
Journal name Global cardiology science and practice
Volume number 2015
Issue number 4
Article ID 43
Start page 1
End page 9
Total pages 9
Publisher Bloomsbury Qatar Foundation
Place of publication Doha, Qatar
Publication date 2015
ISSN 2305-7823
Keyword(s) Bangladesh
cardiovascular diseases
prevalence
risk factors, hypertension
Summary BACKGROUND: Hypertension is a major risk factor for several cardiovascular diseases (CVD). The prevalence of hypertension is increasing in Bangladesh, especially in urban areas. The objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence of hypertension and its risk factors in an urban area of Bangladesh.

METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional survey involving participants aged ≥ 25 years in an urban area in Dhaka between June-December 2012, using multi-stage random sampling. Data on socioeconomic status, tobacco use, physical activity, diet, extra-salt use, family history of hypertension, CVD, anthropometric measurements and blood pressure were collected using modified WHO-STEPS protocol. Hypertension and pre-hypertension were defined according to JNC-7. Multiple logistic regressions models were used to identify risk factors associated with hypertension.

RESULTS: The overall age-adjusted prevalence hypertension and pre-hypertension among 730 participants was 23.7% and 19%, respectively, which was higher among males compared to females (23.6% vs 21.71% and 21.7% vs 17.0%, respectively). Bivariate analysis showed significant relationship of hypertension with age, BMI, no physical activity, tobacco use, extra salt intake and family history of stroke/cardiovascular disease. In the multivariate model, factors significantly associated with hypertension were older age (OR 19.18, 95% CI 13.58-28.11), smoking (OR 3.47, 95% CI 2.85-5.19), extra salt intake (OR 1.13, 95% CI 1.04-2.21), and high waist circumference (OR 3.41, 95% CI 2.81-5.29).

CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of hypertension and pre-hypertension was high among our study participants. Population-based intervention programs and policies for increased awareness about the risk factors, and life-style modification are essential for prevention of hypertension.
Language eng
DOI 10.5339/gcsp.2015.43
Field of Research 110319 Psychiatry (incl Psychotherapy)
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2015, The Authors
Free to Read? Yes
Use Rights Creative Commons Attribution licence
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30104253

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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.