Impact of cleaner fuel use and improved stoves on acute respiratory infections: evidence from India

Lamichhane, Prabhat, Sharma, Anurag and Mahal, Ajay 2017, Impact of cleaner fuel use and improved stoves on acute respiratory infections: evidence from India, International health, vol. 9, no. 6, pp. 349-366, doi: 10.1093/inthealth/ihx041.

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Title Impact of cleaner fuel use and improved stoves on acute respiratory infections: evidence from India
Author(s) Lamichhane, PrabhatORCID iD for Lamichhane, Prabhat
Sharma, Anurag
Mahal, Ajay
Journal name International health
Volume number 9
Issue number 6
Start page 349
End page 366
Total pages 18
Publisher Oxford University Press
Place of publication Oxford, Eng.
Publication date 2017-11-01
ISSN 1876-3405
Keyword(s) Acute respiratory infection
Child health
Household fuel use
Impact evaluation
Improved stoves
Science & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Public, Environmental & Occupational Health
Summary Background: The use of cleaner fuel and improved stoves has been promoted as a means to lower harmful emissions from solid fuels. However, little is known about how exclusive use of cleaner fuels, mixed fuel use and improved stoves influences children's health. Methods: We compared the impact of using liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) exclusively with mixed fuel use (LPG plus polluting fuels) and with exclusive use of polluting fuels on acute respiratory infections (ARI) among 16 157 children 0-4 years of age from households in the 2012 Indian Human Development Survey. Inverse probability weighting (IPW) procedures for multiple treatments were used for this evaluation. Results: Children from households using LPG had a 5.0% lower probability of reporting ARI relative to exclusive users of polluting fuels, with larger effects (10.7%) in rural households. The probability of ARI in households using improved stoves and mixed fuel use was also lower in rural households, by 2.9% and 2.8%, respectively. The magnitude of effect varied across population subgroups, with the highest effects for children living in households living in kachha (low quality material) houses households identified as poor. Conclusion: Use of LPG and improved stoves lowered the probability of ARI among children younger than 5 years.
Language eng
DOI 10.1093/inthealth/ihx041
Field of Research 11 Medical And Health Sciences
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2017, The Author(s)
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