Parent hazardous drinking and their children's alcohol use in early and mid-adolescence: prospective cohort study

Sharmin, Sonia, Kypri, Kypros, Wadolowski, Monika, Bruno, Raimondo, Khanam, Masuma, Aiken, Alexandra, Hutchinson, Delyse, Najman, Jackob M., Slade, Tim, McBride, Nyanda, Attia, John, Palazzi, Kerrin, Oldmeadow, Christopher and Mattick, Richard P. 2019, Parent hazardous drinking and their children's alcohol use in early and mid-adolescence: prospective cohort study, European journal of public health, vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 736-740, doi: 10.1093/eurpub/ckz029.

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Title Parent hazardous drinking and their children's alcohol use in early and mid-adolescence: prospective cohort study
Author(s) Sharmin, Sonia
Kypri, Kypros
Wadolowski, Monika
Bruno, Raimondo
Khanam, Masuma
Aiken, Alexandra
Hutchinson, DelyseORCID iD for Hutchinson, Delyse
Najman, Jackob M.
Slade, Tim
McBride, Nyanda
Attia, John
Palazzi, Kerrin
Oldmeadow, Christopher
Mattick, Richard P.
Journal name European journal of public health
Volume number 29
Issue number 4
Start page 736
End page 740
Total pages 5
Publisher Oxford University Press
Place of publication Oxford, Eng.
Publication date 2019-08
ISSN 1464-360X
Keyword(s) Adolescent
Alcohol drinking
Prospective studies
Alcohol use disorder
Sensitivity analysis
Missing data
Missing not at random
Summary BACKGROUND: Why adolescents' drinking is associated with their parents' drinking remains unclear. We examined associations in a prospective cohort study, adjusting for socio-demographic characteristics and family factors. METHODS: We recruited 1927 children from grade 7 classes (mean age 13 years), and one of their parents, in three Australian states, contacted participants annually from 2010 to 2014, and analysed data from assessments at ages 13, 14, 15 and 16 years. We used the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test-Consumption (AUDIT-C) subscale to identify hazardous drinking in parents (score ≥5) and children (score ≥3) and constructed mixed-effect logistic regression models, accounting for clustering within school and adjusting for likely confounders. We evaluated the sensitivity of estimates by imputing missing values assuming the data were missing at random vs. missing not at random. RESULTS: Parent hazardous drinking predicted mid-adolescent hazardous drinking, e.g. 15 years olds whose parents [adjusted odds ratio (aOR) 2.00; 95% confidence interval 1.51-2.64] or parents' partners (aOR 1.94; 1.48-2.55) were hazardous drinkers had higher odds of being hazardous drinkers at age 16. The magnitude of univariate associations changed little after adjusting for covariates, and sensitivity analyses confirmed the robustness of the association, across a wide range of assumptions about the missing data. CONCLUSIONS: The associations between parents' and their adolescent children's hazardous drinking are unlikely to be due to confounding by socio-demographic and family factors. Parents should be encouraged, and supported by public policy, to reduce their own alcohol consumption in order to reduce their children's risk of becoming hazardous drinkers.
Language eng
DOI 10.1093/eurpub/ckz029
Indigenous content off
Field of Research 1117 Public Health and Health Services
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2019, The Author(s)
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Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Health
School of Psychology
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