Parent-reported prevalence and persistence of 19 common child health conditions

Liu, Tracy, Lingam, Raghu, Lycett, Kate, Mensah, Fiona K., Muller, Joshua, Hiscock, Harriet, Huque, Md Hamidul and Wake, Melissa 2018, Parent-reported prevalence and persistence of 19 common child health conditions, Archives of Disease in Childhood, vol. 103, no. 6, pp. 548-556, doi: 10.1136/archdischild-2017-313191.

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Title Parent-reported prevalence and persistence of 19 common child health conditions
Author(s) Liu, Tracy
Lingam, Raghu
Lycett, KateORCID iD for Lycett, Kate
Mensah, Fiona K.
Muller, Joshua
Hiscock, Harriet
Huque, Md Hamidul
Wake, Melissa
Journal name Archives of Disease in Childhood
Volume number 103
Issue number 6
Start page 548
End page 556
Total pages 9
Publisher B M J Group
Place of publication London, Eng.
Publication date 2018-06
ISSN 0003-9888
Keyword(s) Science & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Adolescent Health
Comm Child Health
Summary To estimate prevalence and persistence of 19 common paediatric conditions from infancy to 14–15 years.Design : Population-based prospective cohort study.Setting : Australia.Participants : Parallel cohorts assessed biennially from 2004 to 2014 from ages 0–1 and 4–5 years to 10–11 and 14–15 years, respectively, in the Longitudinal Study of Australian ChildrenMain outcome measures : 19 health conditions: 17 parent-reported, 2 (overweight/obesity, obesity) directly assessed. Two general measures: health status, special health care needs. Analysis: (1) prevalence estimated in 2-year age-bands and (2) persistence rates calculated at each subsequent time point for each condition among affected children.Results : 10 090 children participated in Wave 1 and 6717 in all waves. From age 2, more than 60% of children were experiencing at least one health condition at any age. Distinct prevalence patterns by age-bands comprised eight conditions that steadily rose (overweight/obesity, obesity, injury, anxiety/depression, frequent headaches, abdominal pain, autism spectrum disorder, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder). Six conditions fell with age (eczema, sleep problems, day-wetting, soiling, constipation, recurrent tonsillitis), three remained stable (asthma, diabetes, epilepsy) and two peaked in mid-childhood (dental decay, recurrent ear infections). Conditions were more likely to persist if present for 2 years; persistence was especially high for obesity beyond 6–7 (91.3%–95.1% persisting at 14–15).Conclusions : Beyond infancy, most Australian children are experiencing at least one ongoing health condition at any given time. This study’s age-specific estimates of prevalence and persistence should assist families and clinicians to plan care. Conditions showing little resolution (obesity, asthma, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder) require long-term planning and management.
Language eng
DOI 10.1136/archdischild-2017-313191
Indigenous content off
Field of Research 1103 Clinical Sciences
1114 Paediatrics and Reproductive Medicine
1117 Public Health and Health Services
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2018, The Authors
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Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Health
School of Psychology
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