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Mental health screening: severity and cut-off point sensitivity of the Athlete Psychological Strain Questionnaire in male and female elite athletes

Rice, S, Olive, Lisa, Gouttebarge, V, Parker, AG, Clifton, P, Harcourt, P, Llyod, M, Kountouris, A, Smith, B, Busch, B and Purcell, R 2020, Mental health screening: severity and cut-off point sensitivity of the Athlete Psychological Strain Questionnaire in male and female elite athletes, BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 1-6, doi: 10.1136/bmjsem-2019-000712.

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Title Mental health screening: severity and cut-off point sensitivity of the Athlete Psychological Strain Questionnaire in male and female elite athletes
Author(s) Rice, S
Olive, LisaORCID iD for Olive, Lisa orcid.org/0000-0003-4643-8561
Gouttebarge, V
Parker, AG
Clifton, P
Harcourt, P
Llyod, M
Kountouris, A
Smith, B
Busch, B
Purcell, R
Journal name BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
Volume number 6
Issue number 1
Article ID e000712
Start page 1
End page 6
Total pages 6
Publisher BMJ
Place of publication London, Eng.
Publication date 2020-03-18
ISSN 2398-9459
2055-7647
Keyword(s) Science & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Sport Sciences
DISORDERS
assessment
athlete
distress
injury
mental health
Summary Objectives: To examine the sensitivity/specificity of the Athlete Psychological Strain Questionnaire (APSQ) in both male and female elite athletes, and also assess internal consistency and convergent/divergent validity, and determine discriminative validity relative to current injury status. Methods: Data were provided by 1093 elite athletes (males n=1007; females n=84). Scale validity and reliability values were benchmarked against validated measures of general psychological distress and well-being. ROC curve analysis determined a range of optimal severity cut-points. Results: Bias-corrected area under curve (AUC) values supported three APSQ cut-points for moderate (AUC=0.901), high (AUC=0.944) and very high (AUC=0.951) categories. APSQ total score Cronbach coefficients exceeded those observed for the Kessler 10 (K-10). Gender ×injury status interactions were observed for the APSQ total score and K-10, whereby injured female athletes reported higher scores relative to males and non-injured female counterparts. Conclusion: By providing a range of cut-off scores identifying those scoring in the marginal and elevated ranges, the APSQ may better facilitate earlier identification for male and female elite athletes vulnerable to mental health symptoms and developing syndromes. Use of the APSQ may support sports medicine practitioners and allied health professionals to detect early mental ill health manifestations and facilitate timely management and ideally, remediation of symptoms.
Language eng
DOI 10.1136/bmjsem-2019-000712
Indigenous content off
Field of Research 1106 Human Movement and Sports Sciences
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2020, The Authors
Free to Read? Yes
Use Rights Creative Commons Attribution non-commercial licence
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30136845

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Health
School of Psychology
Open Access Collection
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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.