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Descriptive study of workplace demand, control and bullying among migrant and Australian-born workers by gender: does workplace support make a difference?

Reid, Alison, Daly, Alison, LaMontagne, Anthony D, Milner, Allison and Ronda Pérez, Elena 2020, Descriptive study of workplace demand, control and bullying among migrant and Australian-born workers by gender: does workplace support make a difference?, BMJ open, vol. 10, no. 6, pp. 1-10, doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2019-033652.

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Title Descriptive study of workplace demand, control and bullying among migrant and Australian-born workers by gender: does workplace support make a difference?
Author(s) Reid, Alison
Daly, Alison
LaMontagne, Anthony DORCID iD for LaMontagne, Anthony D orcid.org/0000-0002-5811-5906
Milner, Allison
Ronda Pérez, Elena
Journal name BMJ open
Volume number 10
Issue number 6
Article ID e033652
Start page 1
End page 10
Total pages 10
Publisher BMJ Publishing Group
Place of publication London, Eng.
Publication date 2020-06-28
ISSN 2044-6055
2044-6055
Keyword(s) Science & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Medicine, General & Internal
General & Internal Medicine
JOB DEMANDS
PRECARIOUS EMPLOYMENT
PUBLIC-SECTOR
RISK-FACTORS
ISO-STRAIN
HARASSMENT
STRESS
MODEL
EXPOSURE
WOMEN
bullying
epidemiology
migrants
occupational & industrial medicine
public health
Summary Objective The objective of this study is to examine the relationship between bullying in migrants and Australians and types of workplace Iso-strain, by gender.Design and setting Two descriptive cross-sectional surveys of the Australian working population.Participants Australian-born workers of Caucasian ancestry (n=1051, participant response rate=87.3%) and workers born in New Zealand (n=566), India (n=633) and the Philippines (n=431) (participant response rate=79.5%).Primary and secondary outcomes measures Using logistic regression, we examined whether self-reported assessment of various forms of bullying in the workplace was associated with Iso-strain (job with high demands and low control and without social support), gender and migrant status.Results The prevalence of workplace bullying within the previous year was 14.5%. Sexual harassment, though rare (n=47, 1.8%), was reported by more women than men (83% vs 17%, χ2=19.3, p<0.0001) and more Australia or New Zealand born workers compared to India or the Philippines workers (75.5% vs 25.5%, χ2=4.6, p=0.032). Indian-born women had lower adjusted OR for being bullied and for being intimidated compared to other women. Independent of migrant status, Iso-strain (1), (low support from boss) and Iso-strain (2), (low support from colleagues) predicted being bullied. Women were more likely to be in an Iso-strain (1) job than men (18.7% vs 13.6%, p=0.013) and had twice the risk of being both verbally abused and intimidated compared to men (OR 9 vs OR 5.5, p<0.0001).Conclusion Workplace bullying was more likely for women than men. There were few differences between workers from different migrant groups. Iso-strain was the strongest predictor of workplace bullying. Workplaces should encourage supportive and collegiate work environments.
Language eng
DOI 10.1136/bmjopen-2019-033652
Indigenous content off
Field of Research 1103 Clinical Sciences
1117 Public Health and Health Services
1199 Other Medical and Health Sciences
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Free to Read? Yes
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30139620

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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.