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Dietary patterns, foods, and nutrients: a descriptive analysis of the systematic reviews conducted to inform the Australian Dietary Guidelines

Wingrove, Kate, Lawrence, Mark and McNaughton, Sarah 2020, Dietary patterns, foods, and nutrients: a descriptive analysis of the systematic reviews conducted to inform the Australian Dietary Guidelines, Nutrition Research Reviews, pp. 1-8, doi: 10.1017/s0954422420000190.

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Title Dietary patterns, foods, and nutrients: a descriptive analysis of the systematic reviews conducted to inform the Australian Dietary Guidelines
Author(s) Wingrove, KateORCID iD for Wingrove, Kate orcid.org/0000-0003-3249-7747
Lawrence, MarkORCID iD for Lawrence, Mark orcid.org/0000-0001-6899-3983
McNaughton, SarahORCID iD for McNaughton, Sarah orcid.org/0000-0001-5936-9820
Journal name Nutrition Research Reviews
Start page 1
End page 8
Total pages 8
Publisher Cambridge University Press
Place of publication Cambridge, Eng.
Publication date 2020-08-11
ISSN 0954-4224
1475-2700
Keyword(s) diet quality
dietary guidelines
dietary patterns
evidence synthesis
translation
Australian Dietary Guidelines
National Health and Medical Research Council
randomised controlled trial
Summary Dietary guidelines should be underpinned by the best available evidence on relationships between diet and health, including evidence from nutrient-based, food-based and dietary patterns research. The primary aim of the present study was to analyse the systematic reviews conducted to inform the 2013 Australian Dietary Guidelines according to dietary exposure. The secondary aim was to analyse the reviews by health outcome, and design of included studies. To identify the systematic reviews, the dietary guidelines report was used as a starting point and relevant references were retrieved. The evidence report contained the data used in this analysis. Descriptive statistics were used to analyse reviews according to exposure, outcome, and design of included studies. A total of 143 systematic reviews were included in this analysis. Foods were the most common exposure (86·7 % of reviews), followed by nutrients (10·5 %) and dietary patterns (2·8 %). Chronic disease morbidity and/or mortality was the most common outcome (80·4 %), followed by chronic disease risk factors (19·6 %). Most reviews included evidence from cohort or nested case–control studies (92·3 %), many included evidence from case–control studies (61·5 %) and some included evidence from randomised controlled trials (28·7 %). These results reflect the research questions that were asked, the systematic review methods that were used, and the evidence that was available. In developing future iterations of the Australian Dietary Guidelines, there is an opportunity to review the latest evidence from dietary patterns research.
Language eng
DOI 10.1017/s0954422420000190
Indigenous content off
Field of Research 06 Biological Sciences
07 Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences
11 Medical and Health Sciences
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Grant ID NHMRC 1104636
Copyright notice ©2020, The Author(s)
Free to Read? Yes
Use Rights Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial No-Derivatives licence
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30140911

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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.