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Examining health-related effects of refurbishment to parks in a lower socioeconomic area: the shadeplus natural experiment

Dobbinson, Suzanne J., Simmons, Jody, Chamberlain, James A., Macinnis, Robert J., Salmon, Jo, Staiger, Petra K., Wakefield, Melanie and Veitch, Jenny 2020, Examining health-related effects of refurbishment to parks in a lower socioeconomic area: the shadeplus natural experiment, International journal of environmental research and public health, vol. 17, no. 17, pp. 1-21, doi: 10.3390/ijerph17176102.

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Title Examining health-related effects of refurbishment to parks in a lower socioeconomic area: the shadeplus natural experiment
Author(s) Dobbinson, Suzanne J.
Simmons, Jody
Chamberlain, James A.
Macinnis, Robert J.
Salmon, JoORCID iD for Salmon, Jo orcid.org/0000-0002-4734-6354
Staiger, Petra K.ORCID iD for Staiger, Petra K. orcid.org/0000-0002-6968-5015
Wakefield, Melanie
Veitch, JennyORCID iD for Veitch, Jenny orcid.org/0000-0001-8962-0887
Journal name International journal of environmental research and public health
Volume number 17
Issue number 17
Article ID 6102
Start page 1
End page 21
Total pages 21
Publisher MDPI
Place of publication Basel, Switzerland
Publication date 2020
ISSN 1661-7827
1660-4601
Keyword(s) Science & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Environmental Sciences
Public, Environmental & Occupational Health
Environmental Sciences & Ecology
public health
intervention
parks
trails
neighborhood
community
behavior change
active living
low income
PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY
GREEN SPACE
URBAN PARKS
ENVIRONMENT
IMPACT
INTERVENTIONS
EXPOSURE
BURDEN
neighborhood/community
parks/trails
Summary Degraded parks in disadvantaged areas are underutilized for recreation, which may impact long-term health. Using a natural experiment, we examined the effects of local government refurbishments to parks (n = 3 intervention; n = 3 comparison) in low socioeconomic areas (LSEA) of Melbourne on park use, health behavior, social engagement and psychological well-being. Amenities promoting physical activity and sun protection included walking paths, playground equipment and built shade. Outcomes were measured via systematic observations, and self-report surveys of park visitors over three years. The refurbishments significantly increased park use, while shade use increased only in parks with shade sails. A trend for increased social engagement was also detected. Findings infer improvement of quality, number and type of amenities in degraded parks can substantially increase park use in LSEA. Findings support provision of shade over well-designed playgrounds in future park refurbishments to enhance engagement and sun protection behavior. Further research should identify park amenities to increase physical activity
Language eng
DOI 10.3390/ijerph17176102
Indigenous content off
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Grant ID NHMRC 1062314
Free to Read? Yes
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30141078

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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.