Nutrition and oral health in early childhood: associations with formal and informal childcare

Carpenter, Lauren, Gibbs, Lisa, Magarey, Anthea, Dashper, Stuart, Gussy, Mark and Calache, Hanny 2021, Nutrition and oral health in early childhood: associations with formal and informal childcare, Public health nutrition, vol. 24, no. 6, pp. 1438-1448, doi: 10.1017/S1368980020001676.

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Title Nutrition and oral health in early childhood: associations with formal and informal childcare
Author(s) Carpenter, Lauren
Gibbs, Lisa
Magarey, Anthea
Dashper, Stuart
Gussy, Mark
Calache, HannyORCID iD for Calache, Hanny
Journal name Public health nutrition
Volume number 24
Issue number 6
Start page 1438
End page 1448
Total pages 11
Publisher Cambridge University Press
Place of publication Cambridge, Eng.
Publication date 2021-04
ISSN 1368-9800
Keyword(s) Childcare
Dietary intake
Early childhood
Oral health
Summary Objective: To examine associations between childcare type and nutrition and oral health indicators. Design: Cross-sectional data extracted from a longitudinal birth cohort. Parent-completed FFQ and questions regarding oral health and childcare use. The associations between childcare type, classified into four groups: parent care only (PCO), formal childcare only (FCO), informal childcare only (ICO) or combination of care (F&I), and nutrition and oral health indicators were examined. Setting: Home and childcare. Participants: Families with children aged 3 years (n 273) and 4 years (n 249) in Victoria, Australia. Results: No associations were observed between childcare type and core food/beverage consumption or oral health indicators. For discretionary beverages, compared with children receiving PCO at age 3 years, children in FCO or F&I were less likely to frequently consume fruit juice/drinks (FCO: adjusted OR (AOR) 0·41, 95 % CI 0·17, 0·96, P = 0·04; F&I: AOR 0·32, 95 % CI 0·14, 0·74, P = 0·008). At age 4 years, children receiving FCO or ICO were less likely to consume sweet beverages frequently compared with children receiving PCO: fruit juice/drink (ICO: AOR 0·42, 95 % CI 0·19, 0·94, P = 0·03; FCO: AOR 0·35, 95 % CI 0·14, 0·88, P = 0·03) and soft drink (ICO: AOR 0·23, 95 % CI 0·07, 0·74, P = 0·01; FCO: AOR 0·14, 95 % CI 0·03, 0·76, P = 0·02). Conclusions: Associations between childcare type and discretionary beverage intake were observed. Investigation into knowledge, attitudes and activities in formal and informal childcare settings is required to explore different health promotion practices that may influence nutrition and oral health.
Language eng
DOI 10.1017/S1368980020001676
Indigenous content off
Field of Research 110599 Dentistry not elsewhere classified
11 Medical and Health Sciences
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
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Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Health
School of Health and Social Development
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