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Compliance of smokeless tobacco supply chain actors and products with tobacco control laws in Bangladesh, India and Pakistan: Protocol for a multicentre sequential mixed-methods study

Khan, Z, Huque, R, Sheikh, A, Readshaw, A, Eckhardt, J, Jackson, C, Kanaan, M, Iqbal, R, Akhter, Z, Garg, S, Singh, MM, Ahmad, F, Abdullah, SM, Abdullah, SM, Javaid, A, A Khan, J, Han, L, Rahman, Aziz and Siddiqi, K 2020, Compliance of smokeless tobacco supply chain actors and products with tobacco control laws in Bangladesh, India and Pakistan: Protocol for a multicentre sequential mixed-methods study, BMJ Open, vol. 10, no. 6, pp. 1-7, doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2019-036468.

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Title Compliance of smokeless tobacco supply chain actors and products with tobacco control laws in Bangladesh, India and Pakistan: Protocol for a multicentre sequential mixed-methods study
Author(s) Khan, Z
Huque, R
Sheikh, A
Readshaw, A
Eckhardt, J
Jackson, C
Kanaan, M
Iqbal, R
Akhter, Z
Garg, S
Singh, MM
Ahmad, F
Abdullah, SM
Abdullah, SM
Javaid, A
A Khan, J
Han, L
Rahman, AzizORCID iD for Rahman, Aziz orcid.org/0000-0003-1665-7966
Siddiqi, K
Journal name BMJ Open
Volume number 10
Issue number 6
Article ID e036468
Start page 1
End page 7
Total pages 7
Publisher BMJ
Place of publication London, Eng.
Publication date 2020-06-17
ISSN 2044-6055
Keyword(s) Science & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Medicine, General & Internal
General & Internal Medicine
public health
qualitative research
statistics & research methods
POINT-OF-SALE
FRAMEWORK CONVENTION
SOUTH-ASIA
HEALTH
METAANALYSIS
CANCERS
Summary Introduction: South Asia is home to more than 300 million smokeless tobacco (ST) users. Bangladesh, India and Pakistan as signatories to the Framework Convention for Tobacco Control (FCTC) have developed policies aimed at curbing the use of tobacco. The objective of this study is to assess the compliance of ST point-of-sale (POS) vendors and the supply chain with the articles of the FCTC and specifically with national tobacco control laws. We also aim to assess disparities in compliance with tobacco control laws between ST and smoked tobacco products. Methods and analysis: The study will be carried out at two sites each in Bangladesh, India and Pakistan. We will conduct a sequential mixed-methods study with five components: (1) mapping of ST POS, (2) analyses of ST samples packaging, (3) observation, (4) survey interviews of POS and (5) in-depth interviews with wholesale dealers/suppliers/manufacturers of ST. We aim to conduct at least 300 POS survey interviews and observations, and 6-10 in-depth interviews in each of the three countries. Data collection will be done by trained data collectors. The main statistical analysis will report the frequencies and proportions of shops that comply with the FCTC and local tobacco control policies, and provide a 95% CI of these estimates. The qualitative in-depth interview data will be analysed using the framework approach. The findings will be connected, each component informing the focus and/or design of the next component. Ethics and dissemination: Ethical approvals for the study have been received from the Health Sciences Research Governance Committee at the University of York, UK. In-country approvals were taken from the National Bioethics Committee in Pakistan, the Bangladesh Medical Research Council and the Indian Medical Research Council. Our results will be disseminated via scientific conferences, peer-reviewed research publications and press releases.
Language eng
DOI 10.1136/bmjopen-2019-036468
Indigenous content off
Field of Research 1103 Clinical Sciences
1117 Public Health and Health Services
1199 Other Medical and Health Sciences
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2020, Author(s) (or their employer(s))
Free to Read? Yes
Use Rights Creative Commons Attribution licence
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30141778

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Health
School of Medicine
Open Access Collection
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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.