On forensic use of biometrics

Arbab-Zavar, Banafshe, Wei, Xingjie, Bustard, John D, Nixon, Mark S and Li, Chang-Tsun 2015, On forensic use of biometrics. In Ho, Anthony TS and Li, Shujun (ed), Handbook of digital forensics of multimedia data and devices, John Wiley & Sons, Chichester, Eng., pp.270-304, doi: 10.1002/9781118705773.ch7.

Title On forensic use of biometrics
Author(s) Arbab-Zavar, Banafshe
Wei, Xingjie
Bustard, John D
Nixon, Mark S
Li, Chang-TsunORCID iD for Li, Chang-Tsun orcid.org/0000-0003-4735-6138
Title of book Handbook of digital forensics of multimedia data and devices
Editor(s) Ho, Anthony TS
Li, Shujun
Publication date 2015
Chapter number 7
Total chapters 16
Start page 270
End page 304
Total pages 35
Publisher John Wiley & Sons
Place of Publication Chichester, Eng.
Keyword(s) crime scenes
ear biometrics
face recognition
forensic identification
Summary Forensic science largely concerns the analysis of crime. The science of biometrics has developed approaches that are used to automatically identify individuals by personal characteristics. Biometric techniques have primarily been used to assure identity. The main steps of a biometric recognition approach include: acquisition of the biometric data, localization and alignment of the data, feature extraction, and matching. This chapter concentrates on two case studies discussing the forensic possibilities of face and ear as biometrics. It introduces the manual and computer‐aided forensic face recognition. The chapter discusses the disparities between the behaviour of the current automatic face recognition systems and that which is needed for forensic application, and outlines the current progress towards addressing the challenges existing in face recognition. An emerging biometric ear is examined. There is a rich variety of approaches for ear biometrics and these are steeped in pattern recognition and computer vision.
ISBN 9781118640500
Language eng
DOI 10.1002/9781118705773.ch7
Indigenous content off
HERDC Research category B1.1 Book chapter
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30143167

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