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Cardiovascular disease risk factors among school children of Bangladesh: A cross-sectional study

Islam, TMM, Banik, PC, Barua, L, Shariful Islam, Sheikh Mohammed, Chowdhury, S and Ahmed, MSAM 2020, Cardiovascular disease risk factors among school children of Bangladesh: A cross-sectional study, BMJ Open, vol. 10, no. 10, pp. 1-8, doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2020-038077.

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Title Cardiovascular disease risk factors among school children of Bangladesh: A cross-sectional study
Author(s) Islam, TMM
Banik, PC
Barua, L
Shariful Islam, Sheikh MohammedORCID iD for Shariful Islam, Sheikh Mohammed orcid.org/0000-0001-7926-9368
Chowdhury, S
Ahmed, MSAM
Journal name BMJ Open
Volume number 10
Issue number 10
Article ID e038077
Start page 1
End page 8
Total pages 8
Publisher BMJ
Place of publication London, Eng.
Publication date 2020-10-21
ISSN 2044-6055
2044-6055
Keyword(s) Science & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Medicine, General & Internal
General & Internal Medicine
prevalence
cardiovascular disease
risk factors
school children
urban
rural
bangladesh
PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY
STOPPING RULES
OBESITY
Summary Objective: Primarily, we assessed the distribution of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors among school children living in urban and rural areas of Bangladesh. In addition to this, we sought the association between place of residence and modifiable CVD risk factors among them. Design, setting and participants: This cross-sectional study was conducted among 854 school children (aged 12–18 years) of Bangladesh. Ten public high schools (five from Dhaka and five from Sirajgonj district) were selected randomly and subjects from those were recruited conveniently. To link the family milieu of CVD risk factors, a parent of each children was also interviewed. Primary and secondary outcome measures: Distribution of CVD risk factors was measured using descriptive statistics as appropriate. Again, a saturated model of binary logistic regression was used to seek the association between place of residence and modifiable CVD risk factors. Results: Mean age of the school children was 14.6±1.1 years and more than half (57.6%) were boys. Overall, 4.4% were currently smoker (urban—3.5%, rural—5.2%) with a strong family history of smoking (42.2%). Similar proportion of school children were identified as overweight (total 9.8%, urban 14.7%, rural 5%) and obese (total 9.8%, urban 16.8%, rural 2.8%) with notable urban-rural difference. More than three-fourth (80%) of them were physically inactive with no urban-rural variation. Only 2.4% consumed recommended fruits and/ or vegetables (urban—3.1%, rural—1.7%). In the adjusted model, place of residence had higher odds for having several modifiable CVD risk factors: current smoking (OR: 1.807, CI 0.872 to 3.744), inadequate fruits and vegetables intake (OR: 1.094, CI 0.631 to 1.895), physical inactivity (OR: 1.082, CI 0.751 to 1.558), overweight (OR: 3.812, CI 2.245 to 6.470) and obesity (OR: 7.449, CI 3.947 to 14.057). Conclusions: Both urban and rural school children of Bangladesh had poor CVD risk factors profile that demands further nation-wide large scale study to clarify the current findings more precisely.
Language eng
DOI 10.1136/bmjopen-2020-038077
Indigenous content off
Field of Research 1103 Clinical Sciences
1117 Public Health and Health Services
1199 Other Medical and Health Sciences
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2020, The Authors
Free to Read? Yes
Use Rights Creative Commons Attribution non-commercial licence
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30144394

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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.