A new item similarity based on α-divergence for collaborative filtering in sparse data

Wang, Yong, Wang, Pengyu, Liu, Zhou and Zhang, Leo Yu 2021, A new item similarity based on α-divergence for collaborative filtering in sparse data, Expert Systems with Applications, vol. 166, doi: 10.1016/j.eswa.2020.114074.

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Title A new item similarity based on α-divergence for collaborative filtering in sparse data
Author(s) Wang, Yong
Wang, Pengyu
Liu, Zhou
Zhang, Leo YuORCID iD for Zhang, Leo Yu orcid.org/0000-0001-9330-2662
Journal name Expert Systems with Applications
Volume number 166
Article ID 114074
Total pages 12
Publisher Elsevier
Place of publication Oxford, Eng.
Publication date 2021-03-15
ISSN 0957-4174
Keyword(s) similarity measure
Collaborative filtering
Management information system
Summary In big data era, collaborative filtering as one of the most popular recommendation techniques plays an important role to promote the development of online trade. Similarity measurement is a core step in collaborative filtering as it not only determines the selection of neighbors but also has a decisive influence on the recommendation quality. However, most of existing similarity measures depend on the co-rated cases(i.e., cases where different users rated the same items or different items were rated by the same users), which usually leads to low data utilization and even poor recommendation results in a sparse dataset. To alleviate this problem, we proposed a new item similarity measure based on -divergence, which does the computation according to the probability density distribution of ratings and greatly reduces the dependence on co-rated cases. Furthermore, the presented item similarity measure also considers the impact of the absolute number of ratings and the proportion of co-rated cases on the computation results, which effectively improves the accuracy of recommendation. Experiments on three open datasets suggest that the proposed scheme has high prediction accuracy and good adaptability to sparse data. Therefore, it has high potential to be applied in recommender systems.
Language eng
DOI 10.1016/j.eswa.2020.114074
Indigenous content off
Field of Research 01 Mathematical Sciences
08 Information and Computing Sciences
09 Engineering
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2020, Elsevier
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30144726

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