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Family history of non-communicable diseases and associations with weight and movement behaviours in Australian school-aged children: A prospective study

Downing, Katherine, Hesketh, Kylie, Timperio, Anna, Salmon, Jo-Ann, Moss, K and Mishra, G 2020, Family history of non-communicable diseases and associations with weight and movement behaviours in Australian school-aged children: A prospective study, BMJ Open, vol. 10, no. 11, pp. 1-8, doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2020-038789.

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Title Family history of non-communicable diseases and associations with weight and movement behaviours in Australian school-aged children: A prospective study
Author(s) Downing, KatherineORCID iD for Downing, Katherine orcid.org/0000-0002-6552-8506
Hesketh, KylieORCID iD for Hesketh, Kylie orcid.org/0000-0002-2702-7110
Timperio, AnnaORCID iD for Timperio, Anna orcid.org/0000-0002-8773-5012
Salmon, Jo-AnnORCID iD for Salmon, Jo-Ann orcid.org/0000-0002-4734-6354
Moss, K
Mishra, G
Journal name BMJ Open
Volume number 10
Issue number 11
Article ID e038789
Start page 1
End page 8
Total pages 8
Publisher BMJ
Place of publication London, Eng.
Publication date 2020-11-03
ISSN 2044-6055
2044-6055
Keyword(s) Science & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Medicine, General & Internal
General & Internal Medicine
community child health
epidemiology
public health
CARDIOVASCULAR RISK-FACTORS
PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY
SEDENTARY BEHAVIOR
CHILDHOOD OVERWEIGHT
HEALTH INDICATORS
SLEEP DURATION
OBESITY
PARENT
ADULTS
ADOLESCENTS
Summary Objective: To assess differences in weight status and movement behaviour guideline compliance among children aged 5–12 years with and without a family history of non-communicable diseases (NCDs). Design: Prospective. Setting and participants: Women born between 1973 and 1978 were recruited to the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women’s Health (ALSWH) via the database of the Health Insurance Commission (now Medicare; Australia’s universal health insurance scheme). In 2016–2017, women in that cohort were invited to participate in the Mothers and their Children’s Health Study and reported on their three youngest children (aged <13 years). Data from children aged 5–12 years (n=4416) were analysed. Measures: Mothers reported their children’s height and weight, used to calculate body mass index (kg/m2), physical activity, screen time and sleep. In the 2015 ALSWH Survey, women reported diagnoses and family history of type 2 diabetes, heart disease and hypertension. Logistic regression models determined differences between outcomes for children with and without a family history of NCDs. Results: Boys with a family history of type 2 diabetes had 30% (95% CI: 0.51%–0.97%) and 43% lower odds (95% CI: 0.37%–0.88%) of meeting the sleep and combined guidelines, respectively, and 40% higher odds (95% CI: 1.01%– 1.95%) of being overweight/obese. Girls with a family history of hypertension had 27% lower odds (95% CI: 0.57%–0.93%) of meeting the screen time guidelines. No associations were observed for family history of heart disease. Conclusions: Children who have a family history of type 2 diabetes and hypertension may be at risk of poorer health behaviours from a young age. Mothers with a diagnosis or a family history of these NCDs may need additional support to help their children develop healthy movement behaviours and maintain healthy weight.
Language eng
DOI 10.1136/bmjopen-2020-038789
Indigenous content off
Field of Research 1103 Clinical Sciences
1117 Public Health and Health Services
1199 Other Medical and Health Sciences
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Grant ID NHMRC 1059550
ARC FT 130100637
Copyright notice ©2020, The Authors
Free to Read? Yes
Use Rights Creative Commons Attribution non-commercial licence
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30145285

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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.