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Protein Requirements of Pre-Menopausal Female Athletes: Systematic Literature Review

Mercer, Drew, Convit, Lilia, Condo, Dominique, Carr, Amelia J., Hamilton, D. Lee, Slater, Gary and Snipe, Rhiannon M. J. 2020, Protein Requirements of Pre-Menopausal Female Athletes: Systematic Literature Review, Nutrients, vol. 12, no. 11, pp. 1-20, doi: 10.3390/nu12113527.

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Title Protein Requirements of Pre-Menopausal Female Athletes: Systematic Literature Review
Author(s) Mercer, Drew
Convit, LiliaORCID iD for Convit, Lilia orcid.org/0000-0001-5656-9106
Condo, DominiqueORCID iD for Condo, Dominique orcid.org/0000-0002-8348-7488
Carr, Amelia J.ORCID iD for Carr, Amelia J. orcid.org/0000-0003-3855-2540
Hamilton, D. Lee
Slater, Gary
Snipe, Rhiannon M. J.ORCID iD for Snipe, Rhiannon M. J. orcid.org/0000-0002-3754-6782
Journal name Nutrients
Volume number 12
Issue number 11
Article ID 3527
Start page 1
End page 20
Total pages 20
Publisher MDPI
Place of publication Basel, Switzerland
Publication date 2020-11-16
ISSN 2072-6643
Keyword(s) amino acids
muscle protein
exercise
menstrual cycle
contraceptives
Science & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Nutrition & Dietetics
MENSTRUAL-CYCLE PHASE
RESISTANCE EXERCISE
DIETARY-PROTEIN
NITROGEN-BALANCE
WHEY-PROTEIN
METABOLOMIC PROFILES
ORAL-CONTRACEPTIVES
GENDER-DIFFERENCES
BODY-COMPOSITION
LEAN MASS
Summary This systematic literature review aimed to determine the protein requirements of pre-menopausal (e.g., 18–45 years) female athletes and identify if the menstrual cycle phase and/or hormonal contraceptive use influence protein requirements. Four databases were searched for original research containing pre-menopausal female athletes that ingested protein alongside exercise. The Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics Quality Criteria Checklist was used to determine study quality. Fourteen studies, which included 204 recreationally active or competitive females, met the eligibility criteria for inclusion in this review, and all were assessed as positive quality. The estimated average requirement (EAR) for protein intake of pre-menopausal recreational and/or competitive female athletes is similar for those undertaking aerobic endurance (1.28–1.63 g/kg/day), resistance (1.49 g/kg/day) and intermittent exercise (1.41 g/kg/day) of ~60–90 min duration. The optimal acute protein intake and influence of menstrual cycle phase or hormonal contraceptive use on protein requirements could not be determined. However, pre- and post-exercise protein intakes of 0.32–0.38 g/kg have demonstrated beneficial physiological responses in recreational and competitive female athletes completing resistance and intermittent exercise. The protein requirements outlined in this review can be used for planning and assessing protein intakes of recreational and competitive pre-menopausal female athletes.
Language eng
DOI 10.3390/nu12113527
Indigenous content off
Field of Research 0908 Food Sciences
1111 Nutrition and Dietetics
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2020, the authors
Free to Read? Yes
Use Rights Creative Commons Attribution licence
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30145570

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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.