Crime prevention, swarm intelligence and stigmergy: understanding the mechanisms of social media-facilitated community crime prevention

Wood, Mark A. and Thompson, Chrissy 2021, Crime prevention, swarm intelligence and stigmergy: understanding the mechanisms of social media-facilitated community crime prevention, The British journal of criminology, vol. 61, no. 2, pp. 414-433, doi: 10.1093/bjc/azaa065.

Attached Files
Name Description MIMEType Size Downloads

Title Crime prevention, swarm intelligence and stigmergy: understanding the mechanisms of social media-facilitated community crime prevention
Author(s) Wood, Mark A.
Thompson, Chrissy
Journal name The British journal of criminology
Volume number 61
Issue number 2
Start page 414
End page 433
Total pages 20
Publisher Oxford University Press
Place of publication Oxford, Eng.
Publication date 2021-03
ISSN 0007-0955
1464-3529
Summary Social media are now utilized extensively by Neighbourhood Watch-style initiatives; however, the impact social media have on the practices and mechanisms of community crime prevention remains under-theorized. Drawing on our observations of an Australian-based community crime prevention group over two-and-a-half years, this article develops a grounded theory of the mechanisms underpinning the group’s social media-facilitated practices of responding to local crime. We find that social media-facilitated Neighbourhood Watch is shaped by two phenomena that have yet to receive sustained attention in crime prevention research. These are swarm intelligence—a form of self-organization wherein collectives process information to solve problems that members cannot solve individually—and stigmergy: work that stimulates further work. In explaining how swarm intelligence and stigmergy interact with several of the long-acknowledged mechanisms and issues associated with Neighbourhood Watch, we emphasize the importance of examining how the media context of community crime prevention groups shapes their practices, behaviour and (in)efficacy.
Language eng
DOI 10.1093/bjc/azaa065
Indigenous content off
Field of Research 1602 Criminology
1801 Law
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30145988

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Arts and Education
School of Humanities and Social Sciences
Connect to link resolver
 
Unless expressly stated otherwise, the copyright for items in DRO is owned by the author, with all rights reserved.

Versions
Version Filter Type
Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 0 times in TR Web of Science
Scopus Citation Count Cited 1 times in Scopus
Google Scholar Search Google Scholar
Access Statistics: 119 Abstract Views, 2 File Downloads  -  Detailed Statistics
Created: Mon, 30 Nov 2020, 09:21:29 EST

Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.