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The role of single end-users and producers on GHG mitigation in Pakistan—a case study

Ahmed, Waqas, Sheikh, Jamil Ahmed, Kouzani, Abbas Z. and Mahmud, M. A. Parvez 2020, The role of single end-users and producers on GHG mitigation in Pakistan—a case study, Sustainability, vol. 12, no. 20, pp. 1-12, doi: 10.3390/su12208351.

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Title The role of single end-users and producers on GHG mitigation in Pakistan—a case study
Author(s) Ahmed, Waqas
Sheikh, Jamil Ahmed
Kouzani, Abbas Z.ORCID iD for Kouzani, Abbas Z. orcid.org/0000-0002-6292-1214
Mahmud, M. A. ParvezORCID iD for Mahmud, M. A. Parvez orcid.org/0000-0002-1905-6800
Journal name Sustainability
Volume number 12
Issue number 20
Article ID 8351
Start page 1
End page 12
Total pages 12
Publisher MDPI AG
Place of publication Basel, Switzerland
Publication date 2020
ISSN 2071-1050
Keyword(s) Science & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Green & Sustainable Science & Technology
Environmental Sciences
Environmental Studies
Science & Technology - Other Topics
Environmental Sciences & Ecology
GHG mitigation
end energy user
cost
CO2
SOLAR PHOTOVOLTAIC POWER
ECONOMIC VIABILITY
ENERGY
EMISSIONS
Summary End energy user is dependent on fossil fuel-based main-grid and contributes toward greenhouse gasses (GHG) emissions. Changing its energy source will change the dynamics of the power plant, contribution towards GHG production. This case study aims to highlight the minute but positive role of a single end energy user, invisible to the main grid in GHG mitigations through photovoltaic energy source, selected among Pakistan’s top 10 most populous cities as per census 2017. Quetta is a selected city in Pakistan as the best fit location based on annual average daily solar radiations (AADSR) data retrieved from National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) meteorological data. Helioscope software is used to select −15° tilt and 180° azimuthal angles, which further increased Quetta’s AADSR value from 5.54 kWh/m2/d to 5.93 kWh/m2/d. For research significance, a realistic approach is undertaken by proper selection of solar panel type based on Quetta’s annual average temperature, load categorization, user selection and inputs from a solar energy expert. Finally, initial cost, investment and GHG mitigation analysis are carried out in RETScreen Expert software, which validates the minute but the prominent role of a single, end energy user by mitigating 122 tons of CO2 in 25-year project life span. Further, the proposed project favors end-user financially by recovering its $4501 initial cost in less than four years by effectively meeting its energy demand and saving $1195 per annum.
Language eng
DOI 10.3390/su12208351
Indigenous content off
Field of Research 12 Built Environment and Design
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Free to Read? Yes
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30147006

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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.