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Mechanics, energetics and implementation of grounded running technique: A narrative review

Davis, Sheeba, Fox, Aaron, Bonacci, Jason and Davis, Fiddy 2020, Mechanics, energetics and implementation of grounded running technique: A narrative review, BMJ Open Sport and Exercise Medicine, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 1-7, doi: 10.1136/bmjsem-2020-000963.

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Title Mechanics, energetics and implementation of grounded running technique: A narrative review
Author(s) Davis, Sheeba
Fox, AaronORCID iD for Fox, Aaron orcid.org/0000-0002-5639-6388
Bonacci, JasonORCID iD for Bonacci, Jason orcid.org/0000-0002-4333-3214
Davis, Fiddy
Journal name BMJ Open Sport and Exercise Medicine
Volume number 6
Issue number 1
Article ID e000963
Start page 1
End page 7
Total pages 7
Publisher BMJ
Place of publication London, Eng.
Publication date 2020-12-04
ISSN 2055-7647
2055-7647
Summary Grounded running predominantly differs from traditional aerial running by having alternating single and double stance with no flight phase. Approximately, 16% of runners in an open marathon and 33% of recreational runners in a 5 km running event adopted a grounded running technique. Grounded running typically occurs at a speed range of 2–3 m·s−1, is characterised by a larger duty factor, reduced vertical leg stiffness, lower vertical oscillation of the centre of mass (COM) and greater impact attenuation than aerial running. Grounded running typically induces an acute increase in metabolic cost, likely due to the larger duty factor. The increased duty factor may translate to a more stable locomotion. The reduced vertical oscillation of COM, attenuated impact shock, and potential for improved postural stability may make grounded running a preferred form of physical exercise in people new to running or with low loading capacities (eg, novice overweight/obese, elderly runners, rehabilitating athletes). Grounded running as a less impactful, but metabolically more challenging form, could benefit these runners to optimise their cardio-metabolic health, while at the same time minimise running-related injury risk. This review discusses the mechanical demands and energetics of grounded running along with recommendations and suggestions to implement this technique in practice.
Language eng
DOI 10.1136/bmjsem-2020-000963
Indigenous content off
Field of Research 1106 Human Movement and Sports Sciences
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2020, The Authors
Free to Read? Yes
Use Rights Creative Commons Attribution non-commercial licence
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30147023

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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.