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A Blockchain-Based Authentication Protocol for Cooperative Vehicular Ad Hoc Network

Akhter, AFMS, Ahmed, M, Shah, AFMS, Anwar, A, Kayes, ASM and Zengin, A 2021, A Blockchain-Based Authentication Protocol for Cooperative Vehicular Ad Hoc Network, Sensors, vol. 21, no. 4, pp. 1-21, doi: 10.3390/s21041273.

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Title A Blockchain-Based Authentication Protocol for Cooperative Vehicular Ad Hoc Network
Author(s) Akhter, AFMS
Ahmed, M
Shah, AFMS
Anwar, AORCID iD for Anwar, A orcid.org/0000-0003-3916-1381
Kayes, ASM
Zengin, A
Journal name Sensors
Volume number 21
Issue number 4
Article ID 1273
Start page 1
End page 21
Total pages 21
Publisher MDPI
Place of publication Basel, Switzerland
Publication date 2021-02-11
ISSN 1424-8220
Keyword(s) Internet of Vehicles
Vehicular Ad hoc Network
blockchain
distributes storage
intelligent vehicles
Vehicular Social Networking
emergency vehicles
COVID-19
Summary The efficiency of cooperative communication protocols to increase the reliability and range of transmission for Vehicular Ad hoc Network (VANET) is proven, but identity verification and communication security are required to be ensured. Though it is difficult to maintain strong network connections between vehicles because of there high mobility, with the help of cooperative communication, it is possible to increase the communication efficiency, minimise delay, packet loss, and Packet Dropping Rate (PDR). However, cooperating with unknown or unauthorized vehicles could result in information theft, privacy leakage, vulnerable to different security attacks, etc. In this paper, a blockchain based secure and privacy preserving authentication protocol is proposed for the Internet of Vehicles (IoV). Blockchain is utilized to store and manage the authentication information in a distributed and decentralized environment and developed on the Ethereum platform that uses a digital signature algorithm to ensure confidentiality, non-repudiation, integrity, and preserving the privacy of the IoVs. For optimized communication, transmitted services are categorized into emergency and optional services. Similarly, to optimize the performance of the authentication process, IoVs are categorized as emergency and general IoVs. The proposed cooperative protocol is validated by numerical analyses which show that the protocol successfully increases the system throughput and decreases PDR and delay. On the other hand, the authentication protocol requires minimum storage as well as generates low computational overhead that is suitable for the IoVs with limited computer resources.
Language eng
DOI 10.3390/s21041273
Indigenous content off
Field of Research 0301 Analytical Chemistry
0805 Distributed Computing
0906 Electrical and Electronic Engineering
0502 Environmental Science and Management
0602 Ecology
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2021, The Authors
Free to Read? Yes
Use Rights Creative Commons Attribution licence
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30148115

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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.