Where is my reusable bag? Retailers’ bag use before and after the plastic bag ban in Dharan Municipality of Nepal

Bharadwaj, Bishal, Subedi, Mukti Nath and Chalise, Bishal K 2021, Where is my reusable bag? Retailers’ bag use before and after the plastic bag ban in Dharan Municipality of Nepal, Waste management, vol. 120, pp. 494-502, doi: 10.1016/j.wasman.2020.10.019.

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Title Where is my reusable bag? Retailers’ bag use before and after the plastic bag ban in Dharan Municipality of Nepal
Author(s) Bharadwaj, Bishal
Subedi, Mukti Nath
Chalise, Bishal K
Journal name Waste management
Volume number 120
Start page 494
End page 502
Total pages 9
Publisher Elsevier
Place of publication Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Publication date 2021-02-01
ISSN 0956-053X
1879-2456
Keyword(s) Plastic bag ban
Retailer
Expected fine
Reusable bag
Bag leakage
Solid waste
Summary Banning single-use plastic bags is a popular policy intervention among cities in developing countries such as Nepal. While the policy marks some success in curbing plastic bag usage, it confronts two major challenges. First, the effect of the ban often dilutes and becomes ineffective over time. Second, bag leakage could occur as customers switch to unregulated plastic bags and create more pollutants. Using three rounds of retailer-level panel data from the Dharan Municipality of Nepal, this study finds evidence to support both contentions. The usage of plastic bags slows down initially but rises subsequently as the subjective probability of being caught for using banned plastic bags reduces with time. One year after the ban, an increase in the expected fine does not increase the use of reusable bags but significantly reduces that of banned plastic bags. These results show that the ban does help reduce the total bag use in the short term but requires continued monitoring and enforcement to be effective in the long term.
Language eng
DOI 10.1016/j.wasman.2020.10.019
Indigenous content off
Field of Research 0907 Environmental Engineering
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30148496

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Business and Law
Department of Economics
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