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Innovative Aquaculture for the Poor to Adjust to Environmental Change in Coastal Bangladesh? Barriers and Options for Progress

Selim, SA, Glaser, M, Tacke, FI, Rahman, M and Ahmed, N 2021, Innovative Aquaculture for the Poor to Adjust to Environmental Change in Coastal Bangladesh? Barriers and Options for Progress, Frontiers in Marine Science, vol. 8, pp. 1-9, doi: 10.3389/fmars.2021.635281.

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Title Innovative Aquaculture for the Poor to Adjust to Environmental Change in Coastal Bangladesh? Barriers and Options for Progress
Author(s) Selim, SA
Glaser, M
Tacke, FI
Rahman, M
Ahmed, NORCID iD for Ahmed, N orcid.org/0000-0003-4133-697X
Journal name Frontiers in Marine Science
Volume number 8
Start page 1
End page 9
Total pages 9
Publisher Frontiers Media
Place of publication Lausanne, Switzerland
Publication date 2021-03-04
ISSN 2296-7745
Keyword(s) pro-poor innovation
marine and coastal change
brackish water aquaculture
integrated multi-trophicaquaculture
climate adaptation
Summary More so than wealthier, less nature-dependent social groups, the poor in tropical coastal regions suffer from adverse environmental change and need new income options. With high levels of saltwater intrusion into coastal lands, innovative brackish water aquaculture (BWA) including integrated multi-trophic aquaculture (IMTA) are crucial adaptation options to the expanding marine waters. This article examines how poor Bangladeshi coastal residents view BWA, and what is needed to make BWA a viable and sustainable livelihood for the coastal poor. In sites that are affected by major salinity intrusion, we used a semi-structured questionnaire to interview 120 households. We examine three questions: (1) What kind of aquaculture is currently being undertaken in brackish/saline/coastal waters? (2) Do poor coastal residents see BWA (and, by implication the hitherto fairly unknown IMTA) as a viable and sustainable livelihood? (3) What is needed to make BWA a feasible and promising livelihood in Bangladesh? Our results show both information and perception biases obstruct in particular coastal poor women and men from engaging with innovative BWA. Their knowledge on ecosystem-based aquaculture was scarce and their views of aquaculture were related mainly to previous experiences with shrimp monoculture and its polarizing socio-economic effects. We propose some strategic fields of action to develop innovative BWA that also benefits coastal Bangladesh’s poorest people.
Language eng
DOI 10.3389/fmars.2021.635281
Indigenous content off
Field of Research 0405 Oceanography
0602 Ecology
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2021, Selim, Glaser, Tacke, Rahman and Ahmed
Free to Read? Yes
Use Rights Creative Commons Attribution licence
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30148931

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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.